Tag Archives: Africa

بشير مصيطفى : يا مصر لا تخطئي مثلهم

الخبير الاقتصادى الدولى والوزير الجزائرى الاسبق د بشير مصيطفى

الخبير الاقتصادى الدولى والوزير الجزائرى الاسبق د بشير مصيطفى

أعلن في مصر عن اكتشاف حقل جديد للغاز – يضاف الى حقول مكتشفة مؤخرا – يصل احتياطهالى 810 مليار متر مكعب ما يعني أن مرحلة جديدة في مسار الاقتصاد المصري بدأت تتشكل ويجب انتظار زهاء أربع سنوات حتى يشرع في استغلال الحقل الجديد إذا ما توفرت الاستثمارات الرأسمالية اللازمة

استثمارات رأسمالية ليس من السهولة تأمينها على خلفية طموحات المنافس الجديد في سوق الاستثمار الطاقوي أي إيران ، ودخول المشروعن الغازين العملاقين ( ساوث ستريم ) و ( ناباكوف ) حيز الخدمة آفاق العام 2017 . ومن جهة ثالثة ترقب الشركات الطاقوية ما ستسفر عنه قمة الأرض ( باريس – ديسمبر 2015 ) من قرارات تحد من الاحتباس الحراري وتقيد مبادلات الطاقة الأحفورية
ومع ذلك ستجني مصر من الاكتشاف الجديد عوائد مهمة بشرط ألا تكرر أخطاء دول أوبك الاثني عشرة في إدارة أصولها النفطية على نحو كبدها خسائر مازالت تدفع ثمنها

أخطاء أوبك القاتلة

لم تحقق دولة واحدة من دول أوبك ( منظمة الدول المصدرة للنفط ) هدف الصعود الاقتصادي على الرغم من مرور 55 سنة عن تاريخ انشاء المنظمة و 75 عاما عن فكرتها التي أطلقها وزير بترول فنزويلا في 1940 السيد ( ألفونسيو بيريس ) لا لشيء سوى لأن تلك الدول حولت قطاع الطاقة الأحفورية الى مجرد أداة تجارية لتحقيق الريع على حساب الثروة ، وهو الهدف التجاري الذي رسم لها بعد أن تضاءلت الفكرة الأصلية أي استخدام النفط كسلاح لمقاومة الشركات البترولية العالمية وإطلاق صناعات وطنية ومحاربة الفقر والتخلف وهشاشة البنى الانتاجية التي ما زالت تميز المجتمعات النفطية عن نظيرتها الصناعية. ولهذا تتهم المنظمة بأنها أطالت من عمر التخلف الصناعي لأعضائها لأنها حولت إيرادات النفط الى مجرد ريع يمول الخزينة ويحمي الأنظمة الحاكمة ، والدليل على ذلك أن آمالا عقدت على “صندوق أوبك للتنمية الدولية” سرعان ما تراجعت تحت ضغط الأهداف التجارية الضيقة ، وظلت جل الشعوب النفطية حبيسة اقتصاديات هشة لا تقوى على مقاومة الصدمات على الرغم مما جنته الحكومات من إيرادات نفطية لامست 530 مليار دولار لصالح مجموعة أوبك كمعدل سنوي ، وظلت الاقتصاديات النفطية تسجل أرقاما متأخرة في مجال تنافسية الأسواق عدا الامارات العربية المتحدة على وقع الجذب الخدماتي والى حد ما المملكة العربية السعودية بفضل الصناعات البتروكيمياوية

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المشهد المصري بديلا

في حالة تأمين الاستثمارات اللازمة لاستغلال مصر لحقول الغاز الجديدة فيها يفترض اعتناق رؤية ( الانتقال الطاقوي ) الممهد لحالة ( التحول الطاقوي ) الجاري تصميمها في الدول المستهلة . وتعني هذه الرؤية التعامل مع قطاع الطاقة الأحفورية وفق إشارات المستقبل ( 2030 – 2050 ) في مجال الخارطة الجاري تصميها لصناعات المستقبل ومجتمعاته ( الصناعات والمجتمعات الصديقة للبيئة ) . الموضوع يتطلب منظومة متطورة لليقظة الاستراتيجية في هدف التنوع الطاقوي وتحويل التراكم الرأسمالي الذي سينشأ خلال المرحلة الانتقالية الى أصول جديدة تخدم التنوع الاقتصادي وصناعات الغاز الناشئة لتلبية الطلب الداخلي في جميع القطاعات التي تمتلك مصر فيها مزايا نسبية ، وفي مرحلة تالية التحول الى الصادرات عالية المحتوى التكنولوجي والمعرفة بتحويل المزايا المذكورة الى مزايا تنافسية في منطقة المتوسط على اقل تقدير

طريق الصعود

من السهولة على مصر إدماج المورد الغازي الجديد في مشهد مدروس للصعود الاقتصادي في آفاق العشرين عاما القادمة ( 2035 ) بتصميم ( رؤية مصر 2035 ) أو رؤية ( استشراف مصر ) وستجد القاهرة جيشا كاملا من الخبراء في مجال تصميم السياسات المبنية على المعرفة أي على اليقظة الاستراتيجية . وسيكون الطريق حافلا بالمفاجآت الكامنة في نظم الانتاج الحديثة ومهن المستقبل والتفوق التكنولوجي

ستة مفاتيح متاحة بين يدي الدولة المصرية في الرؤية المذكورة وهي : برمجة الاقتصاد وفق نموذج قياسي كلي للنمو آفاق العام 2050 – تطوير التعليم بكل أطواره حسب معيارية الجودة والتعليم لأجل توازن الأسواق – تطبيق منظومة اليقظة الاقليمية المبنية على متابعة الاستثمار عبر الأقاليم بشكل احصائي رقمي ذكي – البطاقات التقنية للتنويع الاقتصادي حسب المزايا النسبية في مرحلة أولى ثم التنافسية في مرحلة تالية وذلك على أساس نسبة مدروسة للنمو هي نفسها نسبة الاقلاع أي 7 بالمائة مستديمة سنويا ، ثم نسبة الصعود أي 10 بالمائة وهذا ممكن في ضوء تجارب الدول – تجسير العلاقة بين أطرافي ثلاثي التفوق الدولي أي ( التعليم العالي – البحث العلمي – قطاع الانتاج ) ، وفي هذا الصدد يكون جيدا أن تطلق القاهرة مؤسسة مختصة في أبحاث النمو نسميها ( المعهد المصري للتنمية ) أسوة بالمعهد الكوري للتنمية – وأخيرا إعادة هيكلة الأجهزة التنفيذية للدولة على أساس الحكم الصالح المبني على التشاركية الديمقراطية والشفافية والادارة الراشدة أي الحوكمة الذكية كي تلتقي أهداف الصعود بأدوات التنفيذ دون تعثر . حينها ستجد مصر وفي سنوات قليلة نفسها وقد حققت الاشارات الأولى لحالة إسمها  الصعود الاقتصادي

المصدر : جريدة – الحياة الجزائريه

Messaitfa.bachir@gmail.com

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147 killed in attack on Kenyan university dormitories by al-Shabab

Militants stormed dormitories at Garissa University, killing at least 147 people and taking others as hostages

NAIROBI — Masked al-Shabab militants stormed dormitories at a university in northeastern Kenya early Thursday, killing at least 147 people in the worst terror attack on Kenyan soil in nearly two decades, officials said.

More than 500 students were rescued after the Islamist militants, heavily armed and strapped with explosives, attacked the campus of Garissa University College around 5:30 a.m. local time, shooting some young people and taking others hostage. At least 79 people were injured, according to Kenya’s National Disaster Operation Center.

A government spokesman said the siege ended after 15 hours, with four gunmen from the Somali group having been killed.

“The gunmen are dead. There were four; they are all dead,” said Abdulkadir Sugow, spokesman for the Garissa governor. However, he could not confirm how they were killed.

“The fire exchange has now stopped,” Sugow said. “The next step is to reconcile, and to analyze the way forward.” Security forces have yet to enter the university compound, he continued. “Nothing can be ascertained fully,” he said.

A Kenyan soldier takes cover as shots are fired in front of Garissa University in Garissa town, northeast of the capital Nairobi

Outside the university, in the city of Garissa about 90 miles from the Somali border, confusion and tension dominated. Scores of students remained unaccounted for; many had jumped through a fence to escape the campus.

The gunmen had been holed up in the compound with an unconfirmed number of hostages. When they were shot by police, they exploded “like bombs,” said Kenya’s interior cabinet secretary, Joseph Nkaissery.

Ogutu Vquee, a student at the university, was sleeping in his dormitory when the gunmen arrived. He said there was indiscriminate shooting of both Muslims and non-Muslims, though there were reports that Muslims had been separated from Christians, who were targeted. “When they attacked us, most of us were asleep, so we were woken by the gunshots,” he said. “I am totally in fear and confusion.”

Rosalind Mugambi said she fled her dormitory in a panic, dodging gunfire. While she had been able to run across the sandy ground into a surrounding field, some of her friends had fallen. “We saw some blood stains, and they were shot,” she said.

A 19-year-old student from Nairobi, who asked not to be named, said that he transferred from Garissa University College to Nairobi after threats of an al-Shabab attack circulated in December. “Everybody had to go home because there was a lot of tension. Shabab was saying they were going to attack the school in one week’s time, so we went home. It was rumors, but we had to vacate.”

He said the students left in mid-December, missing the end-of-semester exams. “I transferred because of the tension.”

He said he was horrified to learn of the attack Thursday morning. “I was so frightened. People see normality and they think maybe al-Shabab will take two years [to strike]. I never ignored the threat.”

Paramedics help a student injured during the attack by Al-Shabaab extremists.

Paramedics help a student injured during the attack by Al-Shabaab extremists.

The massacre is the worst terror attack in Kenya since the bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi in 1998, which killed 224. An attack on an upscale shopping mall in Nairobi in 2013 left 67 dead and renewed fears that al-Shabab could wage significant operations from its strongholds in neighboring Somalia.

Since the 2013 attack, the U.S. military has maintained a campaign of targeted drone strikes against the leaders of the al-Qaeda-affiliated group. Last month, one such strike killed Adnan Garaar, thought to be behind the mall attack and several others in the region.

An al-Shabab spokesman told Agence France-Presse that the gunmen had been holding Christian hostages. “When our men arrived, they released some of the people, the Muslims, and it is they that alerted the government. We are holding the others hostage,” Sheik Ali Mohamud Rage told AFP by telephone.

Al-Shabab considers Kenya an enemy in part because the country sent troops to Somalia in 2011 to fight the group. Kenyan troops remain stationed there as part of an African Union mission.

The recent attack comes 18 months after four al-Shabab gunmen killed shoppers at the Westgate mall.

U.S. drone strikes had recently appeared to be weakening the group, which has also lost territory within Somalia. American troops have been training African Union soldiers to defeat al-Shabab terrorists. Western sanctions are also thought to have struck a blow to its finances.

Last year, President Barack Obama pointed to the U.S. strategy in Somalia as an example of a successful counterterrorism campaign.

He called it a “strategy of taking out terrorists who threaten us, while supporting partners on the frontlines.”

But Thursday’s attack proved that al-Shabab still has the capacity to strike soft targets in the region, and with deadly effect.

The country’s border with Somalia is vast and largely unguarded. Attacks on many targets, particularly in rural Kenya, are incredibly difficult to prevent. The Garissa campus had little protection, despite recent security alerts at Kenyan universities.

Kenya is a key U.S. ally in the region, a product of its role in combating terrorism as well as its growing economy and prominence in East African geopolitics.

“The United States stands with the people of Kenya, who will not be intimidated by such cowardly attacks,” White House press secretary Josh Earnest said Thursday.

Last week, al-Shabab militants seized control of a Mogadishu hotel, killing at least 20 people, including Somalia’s ambassador to Switzerland.

Students at Garissa reported seeing notices warning of a possible attack on the campus. “As it was April 1, we just thought that it was fooling,” one student said. Several universities in Kenya reportedly had made students aware of a potential security threat by distributing posters around campuses.

Garissa University College, which opened in 2011, according to its Web site, is the first and only public university in Kenya’s arid and marginalized north.

“This is a moment for everyone throughout the country to be vigilant as we continue to confront and defeat our enemies,” Kenyan President Uhuru Kenyatta said.

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​Libya is now officially a failed state

LIBYA-UNREST-FUEL-FIRE

It is failed in the sense that it does not have a cohesive central government whose writ runs to every part of the country.

And of course it is failed due to the complete absence of the rule of law, and failed most of all by the West whose decision to embark on a disastrous military intervention in 2011, which led directly to the ousting and murder of former Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi, was the catalyst for the disaster that has unfolded in the country since.

Recall the alacrity with which the West jumped aboard the Arab Spring after initially being completely wrong-footed by it when it first broke in Tunisia in late 2010 and immediately thereafter hit Egypt, resulting in the toppling of the Egyptian leader Hosni Mubarak in February 2011.

Both the Ben Ali dictatorship in Tunisia and the Mubarak dictatorship in Egypt had been Western clients, lavished with investment, aid, and trade deals even though their prisons were filled with pro-democracy activists and political dissidents. The hypocrisy involved here, you might think, would have shamed those same Western governments – the US, France, and the UK in particular – into non-interference in the face of what appeared to be a region-wide revolutionary movement from below.

But shame is not something that troubles policymakers in Western capitals. When another of their regional allies, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, found his government under pressure as the so-called Arab Spring arrived in Libya next, France, Britain, Italy, and the US performed a complete volte face and backed NATO airstrikes against Libyan military forces on the spurious grounds of protecting civilians.

In truth, Gaddafi was sacrificed on the altar of realpolitik, learning a harsh lesson when it comes to trusting states that had lavished his country with trade deals, oil contracts, and political rehabilitation after decades spent as a pariah. For all their rhetoric about supporting democracy and those struggling for democracy, in truth the only test of a government’s legitimacy in the eyes of the West is its willingness and ability to advance their economic and strategic interests.

Smoke billows from an area near Tripoli’s international airport as fighting between rival factions around the capital’s airport continues on July 24, 2014.

The key lesson to emerge from the Arab Spring, in fact, has been how adept the Western powers are when it comes to adapting to shifting conditions on the ground. The notion of Washington, London, or Paris being concerned with the protection of innocent human life and upholding the human and democratic rights of the people of the Arab world should by now have been so comprehensively refuted by their actions since the end of the First World War that only those drawing their arguments from a deep well of mendacity or ignorance would dare suggest otherwise.

Libya in 2014 has descended into an abyss of lawlessness of chaos and violence as a direct consequence of NATO’s intervention back in 2011. With the recent announcement by the British Foreign Office warning all British citizens in Libya to leave the country immediately due to the ramping up of violence between the various factions that have emerged from the chaos, the truth in this regard cannot longer be denied.

Libya’s value – the real reason it came in for intervention – is of course its considerable oil reserves, the largest in Africa estimated at around 47 billion barrels’ worth. Its proximity to European markets and the quality of its oil making it easier to refine only enhances its attraction to Western oil companies.

Most of Libya’s oil deposits are located in the east of the country, where opposition against the Gaddafi regime began and was strongest. The former Libyan leader had signed oil exploration contracts with a number of Western oil companies, part of the process of him opening Libya up to the West, and prior to mounting the NATO intervention that brought his government down guarantees were given by the rebels that those contracts would continue post-Gaddafi.

Three years later the country is in complete turmoil, riven with factionalism, gang violence, and the absence of a strong central government. This is the consequence of NATO’s military intervention, yet another staged by the West that can be categorized as disastrous.

Western colonialism and imperialism has never been more exposed as they have when it comes to Libya.

A leader who could once boast of a phone book containing the numbers of world leaders and royalty, who’d opened up his country for business with Western corporations and governments, Gaddafi was left to be slaughtered like an animal by an armed mob as he tried to flee his home town of Sirte during the fighting, the motorcade he was travelling in stopped by a NATO airstrike.

The Libya that once boasted the highest level of development of any African nation, where the standard of education, housing, infrastructure, and health stood as a beacon in a region that has long labored under the depredations and ravages of free market capitalism; the Libya that helped set up the African Union and invested billions in development projects throughout the African continent, working tirelessly for African unity – this Libya has been destroyed.

UN warns Britain over child voodoo rituals, pedophile sex tourists

Hundreds of children are being kidnapped in Africa and bought to the UK for voodoo rituals, a UN watchdog said, also voicing alarm about the number of British pedophiles who prey on children abroad.

The United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) urged Britain to do more to stop this brutal form of people trafficking.

“We’re concerned about reports that hundreds of children have been abducted from their families in Africa and trafficked to the UK, especially London, for religious rituals,” Kirsten Sandberg, head of the CRC and a former Norwegian Supreme Court judge, said Thursday.

She said that trafficking for rituals was part of a wider problem where thousands of minors are brought to the UK, who end up being child prostitutes or being sexually exploited.

The CRC advised that Britain should “strengthen the capacity of law-enforcement authorities and judiciary to detect and prosecute trafficking of children for labor, sexual and other forms of exploitation, including for religious rituals.”

There have been numerous cases of children who have been brought to the UK from Africa and suffered torture and abuse, often as part of witchcraft rituals, AFP reports.

Victoria Climbie from the Ivory Coast was killed by her own relatives in 2000, who thought she was a witch.

More recently, in March 2012, Eric Bikubi and Magalie Bamu, both from the Democratic Republic of Congo, who moved to London, were found guilty of murdering Magalie’s teenage brother, Kirsty.

The prosecution argued that Bikubi had a “profound and disturbing” belief in witchcraft and although the defense said that Bikubi was suffering from schizophrenia, the judge sentenced both defendants to life in prison.

A year later the Metropolitan Police found the dismembered corpse of a Nigerian boy in the River Thames, who they believed was a victim of a ritual.

The CRC also warned about the number of British pedophiles who travel abroad – most notably to Southeast Asia, particularly Cambodia and Thailand, for sex with children. Orphanages were a favored destination where sex predators could pick on vulnerable kids.

“There are continued reports that United Kingdom citizens, including some convicted sex offenders, set up charities or travel abroad, where they sexually abuse children,” Sandberg said.

She called on the British government to get its act together to toughen identification, investigation and prosecution of British citizens involved in such crimes, as well making sure convicted and known pedophiles do not travel abroad.

The UK government has said that new orders can now be applied to individuals who are deemed to pose a risk of sexual harm, even if they have never been convicted.

A national group led by the Home Office will look at ways the police and other agencies can better detect and combat sex offenders.

“Our two new civil prevention orders will make it easier to restrict the movement and activities of anyone who poses a risk of causing sexual harm to children and adults – not just those who have been convicted of sexual offences,” Norman Baker, the crime prevention minister, said in a statement.

A BBC journalist posing as a children’s trafficker trawled the bars and cafés of the Kampala underworld in Uganda in 2011. He found a kidnapper who boasted he could “offer as many children as required” without the police knowing for $15,600 a child.

Egypt Seals Famed Tahrir Square Ahead Poll Results

Abdulfattah el-Sisi has won over 94 per vent of votes in Egypt's presidential election

Abdulfattah el-Sisi has won over 94 per vent of votes in Egypt’s presidential election

Security forces in Egypt have sealed off Cairo’s famed Tahrir Square, hours ahead of results being announced in the country’s first presidential election after the ouster of Morsi.

Celebrations are expected to follow the announcement in Tahrir Square, After the results are released Tuesday night, el-Sissi is expected to be sworn in before Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court.

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UN base in South Sudan attacked by ‘peaceful’ mob, dozens dead

Displaced people walk past a U.N. armoured vehicle inside the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) camp in Malakal, Upper Nile State, March 3, 2014.

Gunmen posing as peaceful protesters forced their way inside the base of the UN mission in Bor, where some 5,000 civilians are seeking protection in the four-month-long conflict, and opened fire, reportedly killing dozens.

At least 48 people were killed and 60 wounded in a brazen attack on the fortified UN compound in northern Jonglei state, where Indian and South Korean UN peacekeepers are stationed, an anonymous UN source told Reuters.

Toby Lanzer, the UN’s top aid official in South Sudan, told the BBC there was a “significant loss of life,” after a mob had approached the UN compound base on Thursday morning under the pretense of wanting to present a petition.

More than 1 million people have fled their homes since violence broke out in mid-December between federal troops loyal to President Salva Kiir against rebellious troops who have sided with Riek Machar, the former vice-president, in 2013.

Tens of thousands of civilians are seeking UN protection from the conflict.

UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said the attack on innocent civilians and UN personnel marks “serious escalation.”

According to Dujarric, the attack was planned in advance.

“The assailants – a mob of armed civilians – came to the base under the guise of peaceful demonstrators intending to present a petition to UNMISS [the UN peacekeeping mission].”

“The armed mob forced entry on to the site and opened fire on the internally displaced persons sheltering inside the base,” he said. “At the time of the attack there were some 5,000 displaced civilians … inside the base.”

The injured were being treated at the UN compound’s clinic.

The number of displaced civilians in the UNMISS compound has risen to 12,000, according to the UN’s website, adding that thousands of displaced persons assembled near the Bentiu Hospital and the UN World Food Program (WFP) compound.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who just one day before the attack said that up to 1 million people face potential famine as a result of the conflict, condemned the attack, which he said “constitutes a war crime.”

Despite South Sudan gaining its independence from Sudan in 2011, pockets of violence continues to disrupt parts of the landlocked country in northeastern Africa.

At the same time, the instability has put a dent in oil production, a major source of the government’s funds.

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What Egypt now needs is a strong leadership

The terrorist scourge must end now and the killers ought to be treated with the full force of law

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A series of well-planned and coordinated bombs ripped through security posts at the entrance to Cairo University on Wednesday afternoon, killing a senior police commander and wounding dozens. The fact that these blasts were so well-coordinated shows that there is no place low or dark enough for terrorists to venture, setting one bomb off to lure in police and those offering assistance, then striking again to purposely injure and maximise terror — and set off another to repeat their dastardly plan.

Over the past three years, Egypt has been rocked by political turmoil and violence that have shaken the nation to its core, but no political philosophy or radical cause is worth the premeditated destruction of any human life. The masterminds behind these blasts are neither political activists nor are they acting to advance a cause: They are criminals who are sadly misguided and mistaken to believe that they can change the course of current events. What Egypt now needs is stability — a strong leadership that can bring the full force of the state to bear on it to deter any terrorist acts and bring such miscreants to justice.

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Egypt’s cabinet passes harsher terrorism laws

The Egyptian government has approved the broadening of terrorism laws, following increased violence in the country.

The bill had been in discussion for months following the spread of militant attacks against Egyptian army and police forces.

Egypt’s State Council revised the law and sent it back to the cabinet earlier on Thursday.

The law is reported to amend terrorism clauses in Egypt’s penal code and stipulate harsher penalties for terrorism-related crimes.

For the new laws to come into force, they still need to be signed by interim President Adly Mansour.

Egypt’s security forces have been the target of frequent attacks since last July.

On Wednesday, a series of explosions killed three people outside Cairo University, including a police brigadier-general.

 

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Gunmen kill 100 in central Nigeria

Gunmen killed more than 100 people in an attack on three villages in central Nigeria, an area where longstanding disputes over land, religion and ethnicity often erupt into violence, two local government officials said on Sunday.

The police confirmed the attacks by Fulani herdsman late on Friday but declined to give a death toll.

 euronews,.

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Algeria ends rally over president re-election

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Algerian police dispersed a demonstration in the capital staged by Algerians opposed to President Abdelaziz Bouteflika‘s decision to run for a fourth term in elections next month.

A group opposed to a fourth term for Bouteflika had called for the demonstration online, and those taking part on Saturday included journalists and rights activists.

Protesters chanted “no to a fourth term” and “15 years is enough”, an AFP journalist at the scene said.
Bouteflika, who has been in power since 1999 and turns 77 on Sunday, announced a week ago he would seek reelection in an April 17 vote, after speculation his frail health would stop him from running.

There has been growing concern about Bouteflika serving another term, given the physical state of the president, who was hospitalised in Paris for three months last year after suffering a mini stroke.

He has chaired just two cabinet meetings since returning home in July, and has not spoken in public for nearly two years.years.

Even so, he is expected to win the election with the backing of the powerful state apparatus.

Calls for ‘peaceful’ change

Former Algerian premier Mouloud Hamrouche on Thursday called for a “peaceful” change of the regime, which he said was no longer capable of running the country.

And Said Sadi, former head of the secular opposition Rally for Culture and Democracy Party, also spoke out against Bouteflika on Tuesday.

He urged Algerians to “delegitimise” the upcoming elections, urging a political transition similar to the one that took place last month in Tunisia.

Several opposition parties have already called for a boycott of the election, saying its results would be a foregone conclusion.

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