Tag Archives: Algeria

FRANCE – Terrorisme : l’impossible protection de toutes les cibles potentielles

Avec l’arrestation, dimanche, d’un homme soupçonné d’avoir préparé des attentats contre des églises, le champ des cibles potentielles d’attaques jihadistes a été multiplié par 14. Est-il possible de toutes les protéger ?

Protéger toutes les églises de France, quand bien même le gouvernement le souhaiterait, est mission impossible. Bruno Duvic, l’animateur de la matinale de France Inter, ne s’est pas privé de le dire au Premier ministre, jeudi 23 avril. “Manuel Valls, le langage de vérité, c’est de dire qu’on ne peut pas mettre une patrouille de police devant tous les bâtiments potentiellement visés. On ne peut pas mettre une patrouille de police à la fois devant toutes les synagogues de France, devant toutes les églises, les musées, les grands médias, ça n’est pas possible, surtout dans un contexte où les policiers de Vigipirate sont déjà à flux tendu voire davantage.”

Le Premier ministre était venu faire la promotion du dispositif antiterroriste déjà renforcé en janvier. Face à lui, Bruno Duvic, n’en démord pas : le projet d’attentat déjoué dimanche 19 avril, qui devait initialement viser une église, complique singulièrement la tâche de protection des forces de l’ordre. On dénombre en effet près de 45 000 églises et cathédrales en France. Soit 13 fois plus que les 2 449 lieux de culte musulmans (selon le ministère de l’Intérieur en 2012), 300 synagogues et 717 écoles juives réunis, qui forment autant de lieux “sensibles” aujourd’hui protégés par les forces de l’ordre après les attaques, notamment, de Mohamed Merah, des frères Kouachi et d’Amédy Coulibaly.

“Pas plus d’hommes ?”, assène Duvic à son invité. “Il y a déjà beaucoup d’hommes et de femmes mobilisés sur le terrain”, répond prudemment le Premier ministre. Et d’ajouter : “Mais il faut aussi ne pas céder à la peur tout en maintenant de la vigilance.” La marge de manœuvre de Manuel Valls est de toute façon limitée : s’il venait au gouvernement l’idée de protéger les églises et les mosquées comme il le fait avec les écoles juives, par exemple, aux abords desquelles le ministre de l’Intérieur Bernard Cazeneuve avait annoncé le déploiement de 4 700 policiers et gendarmes le 12 janvier, cela nécessiterait près de 290 000 hommes.

Or, tous policiers nationaux (143 535 selon un rapport de la Cour des comptes publié en 2013), gendarmes (96 900 selon le même rapport) et policiers municipaux (près de 20 000 selon un décompte du ministère de l’Intérieur) confondus ne représentent que 260 000 agents. Mission impossible, donc, même s’ils se voyaient tous assigner cette mission.

Ne pas céder à la panique

Inquiet, le syndicat policier Alliance (droite) a d’ailleurs diffusé un communiqué pour avertir l’exécutif. Conscient de la “nécessité de renforcer le dispositif”, son secrétaire national pour l’Île-de-France Fabien Van Hemelryck, contacté par France 24, souligne que “l’effectif policier n’est pas extensible à l’infini”. Il demande “la fin des gardes statiques, à remplacer par des patrouilles dynamiques. Cela permettrait d’accroître notre zone de vigilance”, explique-t-il. “Si on avait tous été postés devant des portes dimanche, on n’aurait pas arrêté le suspect”, estime le syndicaliste.

L’Église catholique, de son côté, ne veut pas céder à la panique. “Nous ne souhaitons pas que la protection des lieux de culte catholiques soit renforcée”, confie Vincent Neymon, directeur de la communication de la Conférence épiscopale. “Cet événement isolé n’est pas révélateur d’un complot généralisé dirigé contre l’Église catholique. En outre, 178 églises et cathédrales sont déjà protégées.” Parmi les dizaines de lieux de culte catholiques concernés, la cathédrale Notre-Dame, le Sacré Cœur… Autant d’endroits très touristiques, très fréquentés, aussi importants pour leur valeur religieuse que patrimoniale. Pour Vincent Neymon, ce n’est pas tant l’Église qui est visée mais l’ “Occident”, à travers elle. Raison de plus pour laisser “dégonfler le ballon d’angoisse qui s’est créé”.

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Security Tops Agenda in Algeria During Egypt Leader’s First Foreign Trip

Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, left, and Algerian Speaker of the Senate Abdelkader Bensalah, center, listen to their national anthems as el-Sissi arrives for a visit in Algiers, Wednesday, June 25, 2014

Egyptian President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi, left, and Algerian Speaker of the Senate Abdelkader Bensalah, center, listen to their national anthems as el-Sissi arrives for a visit in Algiers, Wednesday, June 25, 2014

Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi called for coordinated efforts to fight “terrorism” during a visit to Algiers on Wednesday, his first trip abroad since his election in May.

“The purpose of my visit to Algeria is to reach a shared vision of common interests and challenges facing the two countries and the region,” Algerian official media quoted the ex-army chief as saying.

“The two countries need to work together on a number of issues,” he added, citing the problem of “terrorism… (which requires) a coordination of positions.”

Sisi was met by Algerian premier Abdelmalek Sellal and Senate speaker Abdelkader Bensalah, and was later received by President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, whose chronic health problems have severely limited his movements.

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Algeria and Egypt both share long borders with Libya, which has been gripped by deadly violence since the NATO-backed ouster of dictator Moamer Kadhafi in 2011 that scattered weapons across the Sahara region and has provided refuge for jihadists.

Despite a decline in deadly unrest under Bouteflika, jihadists still operate in Algeria, and since the 2011 uprisings toppled dictators across the region, Algeria has been increasingly vulnerable to attacks from neighbouring Mali and Libya.

After Algeria, Al-Sisi will head to Equatorial Guinean capital Malabo for the 23rd African Union (AU) Summit. He is expected to address the summit, as is tradition for a newly elected president of a member state.

UPDATE : ALGIERS/CAIRO, June 26

(Reuters) – Algeria agreed to ship five cargoes of liquefied natural gas to Egypt before the end of the year, a source at Algerian state energy firm Sonatrach said, helping its north African neighbour with its worst energy crunch in years.

The offer of five 145,000 cubic metre cargoes was made after a visit by Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi to Algiers, his first trip abroad since taking office. Sisi was seeking Algeria’s support to counter Islamist militancy and cooperation on the chaos in neighbouring Libya.

“We did not reach a deal on pricing yet, but it is almost a deal,” the source said of the agreement, which is part of talks over supplying Algerian gas for Egyptian power stations.

Egypt’s oil ministry spokesman Hamdy Abdel-Aziz said he did not have any information on the status of the negotiations between the two countries, which began early this year.

The two north African countries both have long borders with Libya where, three years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, a weak central government is struggling to contain Islamist militants and brigades of former rebels and militias.

Egypt’s steadily declining gas production and foreign firms’ wariness about any increasing investment have combined with price subsidies and rising consumption to create the country’s worst energy crisis in decades.

The country of 85 million relies heavily on gas to generate power for households and industry. Previously unheard of winter power cuts this year emphasised the extent of the crisis.

Egypt has been scrambling to secure natural gas supplies, which its mainly oil-producing Gulf Arab allies cannot provide. Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Kuwait have given $6 billion in petroleum products since the army ousted Islamist President Mohamed Mursi last summer.

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Algeria : Al Qaeda kills 14 soldiers in mountains

al-Qaida

Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb

ALGIERS (Reuters) – Islamist militants killed at least 14 Algerian soldiers in an ambush in mountains east of the capital Algiers at the weekend in one of the deadliest attacks on the military in years.

The troops were in the Tizi Ouzou region, 120 km (75 miles) east of Algiers, when they were attacked by al Qaeda‘s north African branch, Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM), state news agency APS and a security source said on Sunday.

The attack on Saturday night came just days after President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, was re-elected for a fourth term following a campaign that portrayed the ageing leader as the key to continued security for the North African OPEC state.

Since the end of its 1990s war with armed Islamists, attacks have been rarer in Algeria. But Algerian officials are concerned about spillover from the turmoil in neighbouring Libya, where fighters linked to al Qaeda take refuge in the southern deserts.

“On their way back from securing the presidential election, the unit… came under attack,” the defence ministry said in a statement posted by APS. Three militants were also killed.

Algerian security specialist Rahmani Anis told Reuters: “This attack is a response to setbacks for AQIM, which lost several of its militants in recent months. AQIM tried also to disrupt the election but it failed,”

AQIM is mostly based in the Sahel area which crosses southern Algeria. The army has killed 37 militants since January, according to the ministry, including several in the eastern mountains. Security sources say some have been found with weapons traced to Libya.

WANTED LEADERS

One of those believed to be hiding in the east is Abdelmalek Droukdel, a former chemistry student who become AQIM leader after fighting in Afghanistan.

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Algerian forces last year killed two of Droukdel’s deputies in Bouira, a former stronghold of militants during the 1990s civil war.

In January last year, militants raided Algeria’s Amenas gas plant near Libya’s border, killing 40 oil contractors, most of them foreigners, in an attack that prompted British-based BP and Norway’s Statoil to pull their workers out.

That attack was led by Mokhtar Belmokhtar, a veteran Algerian militant and former al Qaeda fighter whom the French have dubbed “The Uncatchable”. He was reported killed last year though recent reports say he may still be alive.

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Breaking News – Bouteflika wins fourth Algerian presidential term with 81.53 % of votes, interior ministry says

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Bouteflika wins fourth Algerian presidential term with 81.53 % of votes,  Interior Minister Tayeb Belaiz told a news conference on Friday.

The main opposition candidate, Ali Benflis, garnered 12.18 per cent of the vote. Official figures for voter turnout were 51.7 percent.

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الجزائر – بوتفليقه يحصل على 80% من الأصوات وفق النتائج الأوليه واعلان النتائج الرسمية مساء الجمعه

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أكدت نتائج جزئية غير رسمية فجر الجمعة  تقدم الرئيس المنتهية ولايته عبدالعزيز بوتفليقة في نتائج فرز أصوات انتخابات الرئاسة. وشهدت شوارع الجزائر العاصمة احتفال أنصار بوتفليقة بالنصر مبكرا

حيث استبق أنصار بوتفليقة إعلان النتائج الرسميه ، باقامة الأفراح في المداومة المركزية للحملة الانتخابية، وأطلقت الفرق الفولكلورية العنان للأغاني الشعبية وطلقات البارود

وفى اقرار بهزيمته وقبل اعلان النتائج رسميا ادعى المرشح المستقل بن فليس في مؤتمر صحافي، فجر الجمعة حدوث تزوير في انتخابات الرئاسة الجزائرية

بينما قالت الأمينة العامة لحزب العمال و مترشحة الإنتخابات الرئاسية، لويزة حنون، مساء اليوم، أن التوجه العام للإنتخابات الرئاسية قد أتضح وأن عبد العزيز بوتفليقة هو الفائز

وفي تصريحات نقلها موقع صحيفة “النهار”،  أكدت لويزة حنون  أنها تحترم قرار الشعب في  إختيار رئيسه

ومن جانبه، حذر وزير الداخلية الجزائري الطيب بلعيز أي مرشح من استباق إعلان النتائج الرسمية للانتخابات الرئاسية وقال وزير الداخلية الجزائري إنه ووفقا للقانون، فإن وزير الداخلية وحده المخول بإعلان نتائج الأولية للإنتخابات ، على أن يعلن المجلس الدستوري، بصفته الهيئة الدستورية المخولة ، عن النتائج النهائية

وأكد بلعيز أنه سيعلن مساء اليوم الجمعة عن النتائج النهائية امام الصحافة الوطنية والدولية، في مؤتمر صحافي مفتوح

وتشير النتائج الأولية للانتخابات الرئاسية الجزائرية إلى أن نسبة المشاركة وصلت لـ 51.7 % وان الرئيس الجزائري المنتهية ولايته حصل على 80% من الأصوات وفق النتائج الأوليه

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Algeria’s Bouteflika poised to win re-election

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With the dominant National Liberation Front (FLN) party, allied movements and unions behind him, many Algerians believe Bouteflika, 77, is almost assured of victory and another five years governing the North African OPEC state.

Algeria is seen as a partner in Washington‘s campaign against Islamist militancy in the Maghreb and a stable supplier of around a fifth of Europe’s gas imports.

“No country is 100 percent good, but the things he has done, he has done well,” said Abdessaid Said, a retired technician who voted for Bouteflika in AlgiersBab El Oued district.

“I know he is ill, but I vote for him for what he has done for us. And he can still govern.”

Loyalists portray Bouteflika as the man who helped stabilize Algeria after a war with Islamist militants in the 1990s that killed around 200,000 people.

Bouteflika, a veteran of Algeria’s war of independence, won the 2009 election with 90 percent of the vote.

Police on Wednesday broke up a small rally by an anti-government movement called “Barakat”, or “Enough”, which is calling for peaceful change with rare public protests.

The outcome of the vote is being closely watched by Western governments as Algeria is seen as a partner in Washington’s campaign against Islamist militancy in North Africa and as a stable gas supplier to Europe.

Results are expected at the earliest on Friday (April 18).

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Spain turns to Algeria’s natural gas amid Ukraine crisis

Spain has decided to import more natural gas from Algeria amid the crisis in Ukraine.

Visiting Spanish Foreign Minister Jose Manuel Garcia-Margallo told reporters upon his arrival Friday in Algeria on a two-day visit that “Spain seeks to boost energy cooperation with Algeria, especially in natural gas,” Xinhua reports.

“It is time for us to discuss what we can do in terms of energy cooperation with our North African friends, including Algerians,” he said, noting that Algeria “supplies Spain with 45 percent of its natural gas imports. ”

Algeria outputs 152 billion cubic meters of natural gas annually, 60 billion cubic meters of which are annually exported. It supplies the European Union with 14 percent of its natural gas needs.

Garcia-Margallo further indicated that “Spain is the largest EU economic partner of Algeria,” adding that his visit “aims at boosting bilateral cooperation through continuing dialogue.”

He concluded “Algeria and Spain regularly exchange views on regional and international issues, including the situation in Libya, Egypt and Syria.”

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Bouteflika accuses Algeria election rival of ‘call to violence’

Abdelmalek Sellal, campaign director of Algerian president and presidential candidate Abdelaziz Bouteflika, delivers his speech during a rally meeting in Annaba, east of Algiers April 12, 2014.

Abdelmalek Sellal, campaign director of Algerian president and presidential candidate Abdelaziz Bouteflika, delivers his speech during a rally meeting in Annaba, east of Algiers April 12, 2014.

Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, seeking a fourth term in April 17 elections, accused his main rival Saturday of having called for violence during the campaign.

“When a candidate threatens walis (provisional governors) and the authorities to beware for our families and children in case of (election) fraud, what does that mean?” he asked, speaking on state television.

That’s “terrorism via the television,” said Bouteflika, referring to his chief rival Ali Benflis, who has warned against electoral fraud.

In remarks televised on Wednesday, Benflis said that “fraud is haram,” or forbidden.

“Fraud and usage of fraud is haram. I am speaking to walis: you have family, think about protecting them,” he said.

Bouteflika noted that “at certain moments,” the electoral campaign that ends Sunday has “lacked elegance.”

“There are calls to violence and unorthodox and anti-democratic behaviour,” he said.

Bouteflika, 77, has rarely appeared in public in recent months, and his decision to run for a fourth term has sparked criticism from senior political figures who have questioned his ability to rule after suffering a mini-stroke last year.

But he remains popular with many Algerians who credit him with helping to end a devastating civil war and contain Arab Spring protests.

Benflis’s aides did not immediately respond to Bouteflika’s accusations.

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رئيس ديوان بوتفليقة : مافيا دولية تحيك المؤامرات ضد العالمين العربي والاسلامي

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قال أحمد أويحي رئيس ديوان الرئيس الجزائري عبد العزيز بوتفليقة إن “العالمين العربي والإسلامي يتعرضان لمؤامرة خطيرة من قبل مافيا دولية مازالت تتربص بالجزائر”

جاء ذلك في كلمة له خلال تجمع شعبي بمحافظة سكيكدة شمال شرقي الجزائر في إطار الحملة العائية للرئيس بوتفليقة المترشح لولاية رابعة في انتخابات الرئاسة المقررة يوم 17 أبريل/ نيسان

وقال أويحي “العالم العربي والإسلامي مستهدفان، وهما يتعرضان لمؤامرة خطيرة من قبل مافيا دولية”، دون أن يوضح ما المقصود بالمافيا الدولية

وتابع “السودان قسمت لدولتين، والعراق تمّ تخريبها وتكسيرها، وسوريا أضرموا فيها النيران، واليمن تتعرض لمؤامرة كبرى، والجمهورية المصرية أدخلوها في دوامة من الفوضى والمشاكل، وجارتنا ليبيا في فوضى أمنية وسياسية نتمنى ألا تتطور لحرب أهلية”

وتساءل أويحي “هل تظنون أن الجزائر ليست في قائمة المافيا الدولية التي تسعى لتخريب وتكسير العالمين العربي والإسلامي؟”

وأجاب قائلا “مازال هناك أعداء يتربصون بمستقبل وأمن واستقرار البلاد، ولابد لنا من التصدي لهم، والجزائر نجحت في عدم السقوط في مستنقع الربيع العربي، بسبب حنكة وذكاء وفطنة رئيس الجمهورية عبد العزيز بوتفليقة”

وحذر أويحي “إذا كانت الجزائر والجزائريون ينعمون بالاستقرار، فلابد لنا من أن نلتفت يمينا وشمالا لما يحدث في جوارنا”

ويشغل أويحي البالغ من العمر 62 عاما، حاليا منصب رئيس ديوان رئاسة الجمهورية، وتقلد منصب رئيس الحكومة الجزائرية لثلاث مرات، خلال الفترة الممتدة من 1995 إلى 1998، ومن عام 2003 إلى 2006، ومن عام 2008، إلى شهر سبتمبر/ أيلول من عام 2012

وأعلن بعدها بشهور استقالته من الأمانة العامة لحزب التجمع الوطني الديمقراطي، القوة السياسية الثانية في البلاد، واختفى بعدها عن الحياة السياسية بصفة شبه نهائية تقريبا، قبل أن يعود عشية انطلاق سباق الرئاسة، لمنصب رئيس ديوان بوتفليقة

 

Kerry says U.S. wants to boost Algeria in al Qaeda fight – Yahoo News.

Violence hits Bouteflika rally in Algeria – Africa – Al Jazeera English.

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Do, or.. Arab Spring – Behind Kerry’s visit to Algeria

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (L) meets with Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (R) in Zeralda, outside of Algiers, April 3, 2014.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry (L) meets with Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika (R) in Zeralda, outside of Algiers, April 3, 2014.

US Secretary of State John Kerry traveled to Algeria on Thursday, meeting with President Abdelaziz Bouteflika.
Just a few days before the presidential election “17 April “.

The timing of Kerry’s visit to Algeria does not suit Algeria. However, it is the perfect time for America to get strategic agreements signed with Algeria, agreements the USA would not have secured had Algeria been in a different situation…

These strategic issues are to do with America’s wish to free the European Union from the dominance of Russian gas. And in this context, Algeria and Qatar will bear the cost of what the USA seeks to accomplish for Europe.

Qatari emir, was visiting Algiers on Thursday”.

 

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