Tag Archives: human-rights

‘Not consistent with intl law’: UN lambasts EU-Turkey ‘quick fix’ deal on refugee returns

The UN refugee agency has criticized the deal struck between the EU and Ankara which seeks to send refugees back to Turkey. The UNHCR says the agreement will expose migrants to huge risks, as well as break EU and international laws on the right to protection.

Ankara offered to take back all those who cross through its borders into the EU, while resettling the same number of Syrian refugees in the EU. In return in asked for billions more in cash, as well as expedited talks on EU membership and a rapid implementation of visa-free travel. The 28 EU members agreed and the decision is set to be completed by March 17-18, pending more work by officials.

But according to the UNHCR, the decision is a “quick fix” that will create a fragmented flow of refugees all trying to find ways back into the EU.

Speaking at a UN briefing on Tuesday, Vincent Cochetel, the UNHCR Europe Bureau Director, stressed that “collective expulsion of foreigners is prohibited under the European Convention on Human Rights. An agreement that would be tantamount to a blanket return of any foreigners to a third country is not consistent with European law, is not consistent with international law.”

Another key problem associated with the decision, according to the UNHCR, is that the refugee flow would be fragmented, resulting in disparate groups that are all trying to return to the EU. “As long as the conflict is not solved, it’s a myth to believe that the people will not try to leave. It may dissuade some people from leaving through that route, but it won’t dissuade everybody.”

On Europe’s commitment and its implementation so far, Cochetel believes the objective of resettling 20,000 refugees in the space of two years on a voluntary basis is still “very low,” not to mention Europe’s failure last September to relocate some 66,000 refugees from Greece. In fact, it failed on an epic scale, managing to relocate only 600, according to Cochetel’s previous statements.

While Turkey currently hosts three million Syrian refugees – the largest number worldwide – its current acceptance rates for those from Iraq, Iran and Afghanistan are also “very low,” the UNHCR director told Swiss radio RTS, as cited by Reuters.

“Sending back people who would not have access to protection in Turkey poses a certain number of problems in terms of international law and European law,” he said. “I hope that in the next 10 days a certain number of supplementary guarantees will be put in place so that people sent back to Turkey will have access to an examination of their request [for asylum],” he added.

Similar concerns were voiced by the UN Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF), which stressed that “too many details still remain unclear.”

UNICEF spokeswoman Sarah Crowe underlined that “the fundamental principle of ‘do no harm’ must apply every step of way.” For the particular agency, this applies first to the rights of children. They are open to all sorts of dangers, including trafficking, forced labor and other forms of exploitation.

Meanwhile, Amnesty International blasted Ankara’s enduring record of leaving refugees to cope alone. It called the EU decision “alarmingly short-sighted and inhumane,” noting in a Tuesday statement how Turkey has “forcibly returned refugees to Syria and [how] many refugees in the country live in desperate conditions without adequate housing.”

Amnesty’s European head, Iverna McGowan, believes that “by no stretch of imagination can Turkey be considered a ‘safe third country’ that the EU can cozily outsource its obligations to.”

‘Inhumane’: Europe Yanks Welcome Mat Out From Under Its War Refugees

On Thursday, European Council President Donald Tusk, dismissing refugees fleeing war-torn Syria as “economic migrants,” stated, “Do not come to Europe.” Middle East analyst Hafsa Kara-Mustapha sat down with Sputnik’s Brian Becker to discuss the dire status of Middle Eastern refugees in Europe.

What will be the impact of European Council President Tusk’s Statements?

“First of all, I have to talk about the wording he used,” Kara-Mustapha told Loud & Clear. “He insisted on using the word migrant and specifically using the phrase ‘economic migrant’ when all the people presently coming into Europe are actually war refugees fleeing conflict.”

Kara-Mustapha expressed concern that by rebranding the refugees as economic migrants, the EU aims to alter the requirements of member states to provide asylum.

“In effect, when he says that Europe should stop welcoming economic migrants he is actually changing the whole subject and making the issue about economy and migration when simply it is about refugees,” she noted, adding that, “if you insist that these people are refugees then you have a duty to welcome them under all EU constitutions.”

By contrast, “if you refer to them as migrants then you have no duty towards them because these people are just coming for financial gain and nobody owes them anything,” observed Kara-Mustapha. In reality, however, “these people are coming to Europe for safety and to avoid the horrors of war.”

She also noted that the current aim of European leadership appears to be to fundamentally change public opinion toward refugees by referring to them as “migrants.” The wording, she said, “makes the topic less acceptable to ensure people turn against these refugees… the underlying meaning is that they are coming here for the benefits, to raid the welfare system, and to make money.”

The burden placed on cash-strapped Greece is worse than others — why is that?

“Greece is geographically very close to the warzone, it is close to Syria, and close to Turkey, where most of the refugees are coming from, so it is geographically bearing the brunt as the natural gateway to Europe,” explained Kara-Mustapha. “The moment they set foot in Greece they can actually claim asylum legally, but Greece is also geographically close so it is the first port of call for most refugees.”

The Greek social infrastructure, however, is ill-equipped to take on the pressures of the burgeoning refugee influx in light of austerity measures and a crippled economy. “The problem, of course, is that Greece is already a struggling country facing a difficult financial situation, it faces a lot of problems irrespective of the refugee crisis, and the fact that they have to cater for, at minimum, 2,000 people coming through its border means an extra burden on Greece’s finances.”

Despite Greece facing acute financial difficulties, largely as a condition of maintaining EU membership and managing an onerous debt, their European colleagues have largely turned their backs on the Athens government. Kara-Mustapha noted that, “sadly, Greece has to face up to the refugee crisis almost on its own because, despite repeated requests that other EU nations accept strict quotas to help Greece cope with the situation, the other EU nations continue to pass the buck and refuse to take responsibility.”

What will happen with the 10,000 refugees stuck at the Greek-Macedonian border?

“The situation is dire and the refuges don’t know what will happen next,” said Kara-Mustapha. “The countries where they are stranded cannot afford to keep them so it is a very difficult and inhumane situation.” She believes that the refugees have been stranded on purpose as a means to slant public opinion. “Europe is leaving a humanitarian crisis on the Greek-Macedonian border to fester because the more it festers the more local populations will turn against these refugees, the more it will impact local governments, and the more borders will close.”

“I believe there is a concerted effort to allow the situation on the Greek-Macedonian border to fester in order to poison the refugee crisis further to make it far more difficult for public opinion to accept the idea of welcoming more refugees,” she stated.

Will the situation trigger the collapse of the European Union?

“Yes,” Kara-Mustapha noted, suggesting that, “all it would take is for one country to close its borders and say that they do not sign up to the Schengen Agreement anymore for all of the others to say ‘well, why should I respect the deal?’”

This existential threat to European unity, however, did not begin with the Syrian crisis. “This is something that has been happening for a while with the scourge of Islamophobic sentiments brewing throughout Europe since the 9/11 attacks in the United States.”

Kara-Mustapha believes the situation in Europe has only become more untenable since the Paris attacks only months ago. “You have some European countries now saying that specifically they do not want Muslim refugees, that they’ll accept Syrian Christians but that they do not want any part of Muslim refugees.”

What has the impact of the refugee influx been on domestic politics in Germany?

“About a year ago, Angela Merkel, had an approval rating of 75%, today it is down to 47%, so the current public opinion polls show that the German people have turned against her due to her decision to welcome refugees.”

Specifically, while other European countries remained reticent about accepting refugees, Merkel’s administration committed the German people to taking in over 1 million asylum-seekers.

“Perhaps the decision came from a genuinely good place, she saw the humanitarian crisis and felt her country could lend a helping hand,” commented Kara-Mustapha. She added that, “there is also the stain of Nazi Germany and this was also an opportunity for Germany to correct a previous wrong.”

Nonetheless, despite “Nazi Germany’s impacts on the national psyche of the German people,” Kara-Mustapha sees the decision by Merkel as one that has been increasingly unpopular with the German people. The analyst cites the growing influence of many German neo-fascist groups, as well as those throughout Europe, as an increasingly vocal influence attempting to steer public opinion against pro-refugee policies.

How did the situation devolve to the worst humanitarian crisis in 70 years, and how do we fix it?

Kara-Mustapha sees the Syrian refugee crisis, as well as preceding refugee crises related to the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, as a consequence of Western neoconservative policy. The key, in her opinion, is to create stability in the region by defeating Daesh and ending the fascination with deposing Middle East leaders who are not friendly to multinational petroleum corporations. She suggests that this will stop the flow of Syrian refugees and allow people to return to their countries.

Kara-Mustapha calls on the West to accept that Syrian leader Bashar al-Assad is the legitimate leader of the Syrian people and to help his government in the fight against Daesh, rather than continue the increasingly futile attempts to depose the Syrian President by funding anti-government extremist militias.


US Police Fatally Shot Almost 1,000 Civilians in 2015 – Report

US law enforcement has mortally wounded nearly 1,000 civilians this year, according to a recent study by local media.

Some 965 US citizens were fatally shot by US policemen, 564 of whom were armed with a gun, The Washington Post study published Saturday revealed.

According to the newspaper, almost 100 people did not have weapon of any kind during a confrontation with police.

The study also suggested that race remains one of the main reasons of police brutality, as 40 percent of fatal police shootings were aimed at unarmed black men.

Overall, people who died from a bullet fired by policemen were either bearing arms, suicidal, mentally troubled, or refused to halt at police’s request and ran, the report said.

Over the past year, the United States has seen numerous protests following high-profile cases of police brutality around the country. The incidents have set off mass protests around the country and triggered a national debate about racial inequality and police violence in African-American communities.


Daesh Leader’s Mobile Phone Holds Proof of Turkey’s Support

An Iraqi volunteer force commander said a mobile phone found on the person of a deceased Daesh militant proves that Turkey’s intelligence agency is providing support for the group.

“The mobile phone was found with one of the killed ISIL leaders in the Northern parts of Salahuddin province two days ago,” Jabbar al-Ma’mouri told Soumeriya news on Monday.

He said the phone contains messages from Turkish intelligence proving that Ankara supports Daesh, also known as ISIL/Islamic State, by providing security at the points used by militants traveling from Turkey to Iraq.

“The mobile phone also contains other important information which cannot be disclosed now, and it has been delivered to the specialized security groups for further scrutiny,” Ma’mouri said.

Russian Ambassador to France Alexander Orlov in November revealed that Turkey has played an “ambiguous” role in the campaign against Daesh while acting as an accomplice to the terrorist group’s activities.

Last month, former US State Department senior advisor David Phillips said Turkey provided material support to Daesh because Ankara shares an ideological connection with the group, along with a mutual enemy in Syrian President Bashar Assad.

“Turkey’s role has not been ambiguous – it has overtly supported the ISIL,” said Phillips, who currently serves as director of Columbia University’s Peace-building and Rights Program. “It has provided logistical support, money, weapons, transport and healthcare to wounded warriors.”

Phillips said Turkey has been supporting Daesh to remove Assad from power and because of a “spiritual bond” that exists between Turkey’s governing party and the jihadists.

More Blood on Ankara’s Hands as Kurdish Civilian Death Toll Mounts

More than 100 civilians have been killed and many more injured in Kurdish areas in Turkey’s southeast since July, Human Rights Watch said, warning that civilian casualties are likely to rise in the coming days.

The region has been the scene of clashes between Turkish security forces and fighters from the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) following the collapse of a ceasefire between the two groups in July.

A report by the Human Rights Watch on Tuesday urged Turkish authorities to scale back security operations in the southeast.

“The Turkish government should rein in its security forces, immediately stop abusive and disproportionate use of force, and investigate the deaths and injuries caused by its operations,” HRW senior Turkey researcher Emma Sinclair-Webb said.

The group documented 15 civilian deaths during several 24-hour curfews in September and November, noting that these were only a “sample” and called for a full investigation. HRW cited a local rights group who put the civilian death toll since July at over 100.

President Recep Tayyip Erdogan pledged in November to continue operations until every PKK militant was defeated.

“To ignore or cover up what’s happening to the region’s Kurdish population would only confirm the widely held belief in the southeast that when it comes to police and military operations against Kurdish armed groups, there are no limits – there is no law,” Sinclair-Webb said.

The group called on Kurdish armed groups to stop digging trenches, planting explosives and putting up barricades.

HRW said that while Turkey has a right to defend itself from armed groups, the police and military have to ensure their operations respect the lives of non-combatants in the affected areas.

The Turkish state government and the PKK have fought an ongoing three-decade conflict that has killed more than 30,000 people.

Don’t Bomb Syria! Thousands protest against proposed UK military action

Demonstrators listen to speakers at a rally against taking military action against Islamic State in Syria, held outside Downing Street in London, November 28, 2015.

Demonstrators listen to speakers at a rally against taking military action against Islamic State in Syria, held outside Downing Street in London, November 28, 2015.

Mass protests have taken place in London and many other cities across the country urging the government not to conduct airstrikes in Syria.

‘Don’t Bomb Syria’ signs were plentiful, as thousands of protesters took to the streets of the British capital to make their voices heard, in a rally organized by the Stop the War coalition.

The demonstration in London started outside Prime Minister David Cameron’s residence at 10 Downing Street. The rally was against a planned vote in Parliament about whether to support a motion for the UK to starting bombing Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL) militants in Syria.

“We are very much opposed to David Cameron’s plans to have a vote in Parliament to bomb Syria. The bombing has already been going on for more than a year by other forces. ISIS is as strong as it was before the bombing started and also we have the record of 14 years of bombing, and every single country we have bombed, the wars are still going on there,” said Lindsey German, of Stop the War, during the demonstration.

Labour MP Diane Abbott spoke to the crowd saying Prime Minister Cameron was too busy trying to phone Labour MPs to get them to vote in favor of bombing Syria, than to make a concrete case for undertaking military action in the Middle Eastern country.

A list of UK musicians, politicians, academics and artists, including Brian Eno and Frankie Boyle wrote a letter to David Cameron urging him not to bomb Syria, saying a bombing campaign would not help in the fight against terrorism, but would rather aggravate the situation.

“Rather than ignoring this recent history by joining the long list of countries that have bombed Syria in the last year, we urge the government to stop arming reactionary and aggressive regimes like Saudi Arabia and Qatar that sponsor terrorist groups and look for political solutions as the only viable way to end the conflict,” the letter read, which was delivered 10 Downing Street.

Speaking in front of demonstrators in London, Eno said, “We’ve created a system which gives the biggest rewards to the greediest & worst to the most generous,” while he also condemned the likes of Saudi Arabia and Turkey for helping to fund Islamic State.

Demonstrations have also taken place in Manchester, Leeds, Bradford, Oxford, Bristol and other cities around the country.

French President Francois Hollande has urged the British to join the French in carrying out airstrikes against IS in Syria. He made the appeal two weeks after the terrorist attacks in Paris on November 13, which killed 130 people in the French capital.

“On November 13, a day we will never forget, France was hit at its very heart,” Hollande told a somber commemoration in the Invalides, the 17th century complex housing Napoleon’s tomb on Friday, as cited by AFP.

“To all of you, I solemnly promise that France will do everything to destroy the army of fanatics that committed these crimes,” he said.

Former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, who was instrumental in sending UK troops to fight in the US-led Iraq invasion in 2003, also supported British intervention in bombing Syria.

However, it would seem the majority of people in the UK are not in favor. An opinion poll suggested that 48 percent of Britons would support military strikes against IS, while 30 percent are opposed. The survey was carried out by the Daily Mirror newspaper.


Pope Francis calls on every European parish to host a refugee family

Pope Francis

Pope Francis has called on every European parish to host one refugee family each in a goodwill gesture that will begin in the Vatican state. It comes as Europe faces the worst refugee crisis since World War II.

“I appeal to the parishes, the religious communities, the monasteries and sanctuaries of all Europe to take in one family of refugees,” Pope Francis said after his Sunday address.

He added that it is not enough to say “have courage, hang in there” to the refugees making the dangerous journey into Europe.

The pontiff, whose comments were met with applause from the crowd in St. Peter’s Square, also said that two parishes in the Vatican will each take in a family of refugees in the coming days.

Francis said the call to action is a “concrete gesture” to prepare for the extraordinary Holy Year on the theme of mercy, which will begin on December 8.

The call goes out to tens of thousands of Catholic parishes in Europe. There are more than 25,000 parishes in Italy alone, and more than 12,000 in Germany, where many of the refugees are hoping to settle.

This is not the first time that Pope Francis has expressed compassion for those fleeing war-torn countries. In June, he said that the mistreatment of asylum seekers “makes one cry,” as they are merely “victims of injustice, of this throw-away economy” and war.

Earlier that month, the pontiff said that leaving migrants to die at sea is an “attack against life” comparable to abortion or euthanasia.


Sunday’s comments come as Europe faces the worst refugee crisis since World War II. More than 350,000 refugees have crossed into the EU in 2015 alone, bound for Western Europe. Germany and Sweden are key destinations, after both countries threw open their borders to the new arrivals.

The UN refugee agency has said that Europe needs to create as many as 200,000 spots for new refugees, though many countries are reluctant to do their share. Hungary has built a massive razor-wire fence along its border with Serbia, while Slovakia has stated it wants only Christians.

The European Union has called for emergency talks on the refugee crisis on September 14. The meeting will be attended by interior ministers from each of the bloc’s 28 member states.


Le Royaume-Uni serait prêt à accueillir 15 000 réfugiés syriens

Des migrants dans la ville autrichienne de Nickelsdorf, à la frontière hongroise, le 5 septembre 2015.

Alors que l’Europe s’indigne du sort des migrants qui tentent de se réfugier à l’intérieur de ses frontières, le Royaume-Uni serait prêt à accueillir 15 000 réfugiés syriens, rapporte dimanche l’hebdomadaire “Sunday Times”.

Face aux pressions, le Royaume-Uni devrait accepter d’accueillir 15 000 réfugiés syriens, rapporte dimanche 6 septembre l’hebdomadaire britannique “Sunday Times”. Un signe que Londres suivrait le mouvement plus global en Europe pour faire face à la crise des réfugiés, qui a particulièrement touché l’opinion publique cette semaine.

Au niveau national et international, le Premier ministre britannique David Cameron a été pressé de s’occuper de la crise des réfugiés. Jeudi, il s’était dit “profondément ému” par les images montrant le corps d’un petit Syrien de trois ans, Aylan Kurdi, retrouvé noyé sur une plage en Turquie. Il prévoit désormais d’étendre le programme britannique de relogement des personnes vulnérables, d’accepter environ 15 000 réfugiés et de lancer des opérations militaires contre les passeurs, affirme le “Sunday Times”.

“La crise est là pour durer”

Le Royaume-Uni a accepté sur son sol 216 réfugiés syriens depuis un an, et quelque 5 000 Syriens y ont obtenu le droit d’asile depuis le début en 2011 de la guerre civile qui dévaste leur pays – nettement moins que dans des pays comme l’Allemagne, la Suède ou la France. Londres a choisi de ne pas participer à un système de quotas pour prendre en charge les demandeurs d’asile à travers l’Union européenne, malgré les demandes pressantes de cette dernière pour une répartition plus équitable.

“Nous sommes face à un événement dramatique. La crise est là pour durer”, a affirmé vendredi la chef de la diplomatie de l’Union européenne, Federica Mogherini, réitérant son appel auprès des pays membres pour s’attaquer au problème.

La Turquie, qui voit transiter des milliers de réfugiés sur son sol, a elle aussi appelé à l’action. “Nous attendons du monde qu’il consacre plus d’attention à cette crise humanitaire”, a déclaré le vice-Premier ministre turc Cevdet Yilmaz, en bouclant à Ankara une réunion des grands argentiers du G20, les 20 principales économies mondiales.


المستشار سمير جاويد يكتب : فن إدارة دولة الأزمات

المستشار سمير جاويد

المستشار سمير جاويد

مصر تحتاج إلي آلية واضحة ومعلنة وقوية لإدارة الأزمات كي  تتعامل مع مشكلاتها.في وقت اعتاد فيه المصريون أن يعيشوا حياتهم في أزمات مرة مع أزمة بوتاجاز  وأخري في المواصلات أو رغيف العيش أو عند دخول المدارس والأعياد، واختفاء نوع من الأدوية المهمة. يضاف إلي ذلك أزمات الفتن والإثارة وافتعال الأزمات.لكن ما يحدث في مصر ألان جعلها دولة أزمات ولكن من نوع خاص، لأن الأزمات التي تمر بها مصر معظمها من صنع المصريين أنفسهم وبعضها بتحريض من الخارج سواء كان معلنا أو خافيا

تعاني  مصر من أزمات متعددة الجوانب اجتماعية و اقتصادية و سياسية وتحتاج الي تضافر كل الجهود للخروج من تلك الأزمات المتلاحقة.وسيرة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم تمثل  لنا أرضا خصبة للتأمل وأخذ الأسوة في معالجة الأمور وإدارة جميع ما يعن لنا من مصاعب وخطوب, فقد كانت له عليه السلام طريقة فريدة في إدارة الأزمات وفق حكمة سديدة، فقد كان عليه السلام بفطنته ينهي منازع الخلاف بشكل قاطع, مع حماية المجتمع الإسلامي من آثار الأزمة, بل يعمل على الاستفادة من الموقف الناتج عن الأزمة في الإصلاح والتطوير, واتخاذ إجراءات الوقاية لمنع تكرار الأزمة أو حدوث أزمات مشابهة لها

كان من رحمته أن يعيش مع الأزمات وأصحابها .. يأخذ بيد هذا .. ويعالج هذا .. ويصبر على هذه .. ينزع فتيل الأزمة حتى لا تنفجر في الجميع .. فكان على يده نجاة المجتمع بأكلمه من حرب واقفة على الأبواب .. يعلم صلى الله عليه وسلم كيف تكون حالة يعاني الإنسان في أزمته فتعامل بكل كيانه معها يساعد صاحبها ويحنو عليه حتى يخرج مما هو فيه ..الرسول مع أصحاب الأزمات وكم شعر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بأصحاب الأزمات وعاش معهم معاناتهم بل وبذل وسعه في اخراجهم من أزماتهم

ومن أهم الأزمات التي لا بد لكل بشر أن يقع فيها أزمة المرض ” .. ويقول : ” كان الرسول إذا سمع بمريض أسرع لعيادته في بيته، مع كثرة همومه ومشاغله، ولم تكن زيارته هذه مُتكلَفة أو اضطرارية، إنما كان يشعر بواجبه ناحية هذا المريض.. كيف لا، وهو الذي جعل زيارة المريض حقًّا من حقوقه؟!… قال رسول الله : “حَقُّ الْمُسْلِمِ عَلَى الْمُسْلِمِ خَمْسٌ: رَدُّ السَّلامِ، وَعِيَادَةُ الْمَرِيضِ، وَاتِّبَاعُ الْجَنَائِزِ، وَإِجَابَةُ الدَّعْوَةِ، وَتَشْمِيتُ الْعَاطِسِ” متفق عليه حن نعيش فى عالم من الأزمات بعد ثورة 25.يناير. نحن لا نتحرك إلا بعد وقوع الكارثة ولو كان لدينا القدرة على توقع الأزمات والكوارث لحالت دون وقوعها لكن للأسف لا يوجد فى مصر نظام لتوقع الأزمات والكوارث أو جهاز إنذار مبكر لتوقع الأزمة أو الكارثة

نحن فى حاجة إلى إنشاء جهاز أو هيئة للإنذار المبكر من الأزمات إدارة الأزمات يحتاج إلى قرار من ذي خبرة وكذلك يحتاج إلى الرأي السديد والحكمة والشجاعة وهو كذلك بحاجة إلى تصرف سريع وحاسم والتخطيط الواضح لما قد يحدث والشيء المتوقع حدوثه والتنبؤ بالأزمات والمشاكل والمعضلات وبيان خطورتها وآثارها..لقد أصبحنا ندرك أننا في وهم ولم نقم بثورة.. ولهذا يجب أن يعاد إلينا حقيقة الثورة وواقعها.. وأنه لا وقت مطلقا للضياع.. فالحرب تلاحقنا.. والتآمر الداخلي والخارجي علي أشده.. ومصر والشعب المصري لن يرحم أحدا تقاعس عن نصرتها أو عن كشف المتربصين والمتآمرين بها.. لأن القادم يحمل من المفاجآت ما لا تحمد عقباه.. فليس من السهل أن يفرط هذا الشعب المسلم فيما أنجزه من ثورة قامت ودم أريق وتضحيات وخسائر كثيرة.. كل ذلك في سبيل كرامته وعزته ونهضته.. لهذا لن يكون هناك تهاون ولا تفريط فيما أنجزناه مطلقا.. وسيكون القرار الوحيد مواجهة الحرب مهما يكن الثمن حماية لمشروعنا وحلمنا الكبير

لو ان هناك إدارة حقيقية للازمات لنجحنا في حل مشكلات المرور علي سبيل المثال حيث  تصاب القاهرة يوميا بما يشبه الشلل نتيجة توقف حركة السير.لقد أصبحت الأزمات التي تشهدها مصر بشكل شبه يومي من تعطل قطارات وإضرابات فئوية ومزايدات سياسية وانتهاز فرص من أعداء مصر الذين يخشون منها أن تفيق لتتفرغ لمشروعاتها القومية وإعادة ترتيب أوراقها لتعود لمقعد الريادة في المنطقة

كل ذلك يدعونا بل يجعل من الضروري أن تعيد القيادة السياسية والحكومة ومراكز صنع القرار والمراكز البحثية والعلمية طريقة العمل، وإعداد سيناريوهات جاهزة لمواجهة الأزمات وإدارتها، وأعتقد أن مصر لديها من الخبراء والأساتذة في كل قطاع ليصبح لدينا في كل موقع علي أرض مصر إدارة متخصصة في مواجهة الأزمات. أن مصر تعاني من غياب الرؤية الواضحة في التعامل مع الأزمات رغم تكرارها، وأنه على كل الأطراف إعلاء مصلحة مصر على مصالحهم الخاصة. لم تعد الإضرابات في مصر مقتصرة على فئة بعينها، بل شملت أغلب القطاعات الإنتاجية والخدمية، في القطاع الحكومي والقطاع الخاص. فمارس الإضراب عمال المصانع، وموظفو الحكومة، والمدرسون، والأطباء، وغيرهم، تتركز مطالبهم برفع الرواتب وتحسين ظروف المعيشة..ولا يمضي يوم إلا وتعلن فئة من مواطني مصر عن تنظيم إضراب عن ممارسة العمل، أو تنظيم وقفة أو مظاهرة أمام مقر رئاسة الوزراء.. وتتعدد مطالب المضربين بين الحصول على حقوق مادية ووظيفية، والمطالبة بإقالة فاسدين -من وجهة نظر المضربين- لا يزالون يديرون المؤسسات الحكومية. إلا أن هذه المطالب في النهاية لها تكلفة اقتصادية، سواء تلك المتمثلة في تعطيل العمل الإنتاجي أو الخدمي، أو شل حركة المرور، أو تكبيد الموازنة العامة بمطالب إضافية، كما حدث في كادر المدرسين والأطباء

نحن نفتقد إلى ثقافة إدارة الأزمات في مصر ولا يوجد لدينا منظومة متكاملة خاصة للتعامل في كل المشكلات التي تحدث في مصر بنظام رد الفعل، حيث تحدث المشكلة ثم نبحثها ونعمل على إيجاد حلول لها..مصر تحتاج لإدارة للأزمات المتكررة في مصر لاستيعاب المشكلات التى تحدث الآن، لابد من إنشاء هيئة قومية لإدارة الأزمات، يتم الاستعانة فيها بعلماء قادرين على توقع حدوث الأزمات المتتالية وإيجاد حلول لها، خاصة مع استمرار عدم استقرار الأوضاع، وظهور بوادر أزمات اقتصادية واجتماعية وسياسية، إلا أنه حتى الآن، لم يتم التفكير فيها ولا أجد تفسيرا لذلك

أن تكرار الأخطاء في التعامل مع الأزمات المتكررة، ناتج عن عدم وجود سياسة واضحة بشكل عملي، ووجود حلول مؤقتة.مصر تحتاج الآن إلى هيئة قومية تستطيع تقديم رؤية واضحة عن المشكلات التي نمر بها، وتقديم حلول لها، وللمشكلات المتوقع حدوثها، وعلى الجهات المسئولة أن تتمتع بالشفافية والوضوح في مناقشة المشكلات، كل مسئول في موقعه عليه أن يبتكر لحل الأزمات بدلا من تراكمها وهو ما يجب أن يفكر فيه كل وزير ومسئول في الدولة المصرية خصوصاً أن الوضع أصبح يستدعي التعامل السريع والحاسم لإعادة التوازن وتمكين الدولة من فرض القانون وحماية الأمن العام الذي هو أساس كل نجاح..واتخاذ إجراءات عمل واضحة ومستديمة، وتوفر للتعامل معها الإمكانات بشكل فوري حتى لا تكون صداعاً يشغل كبار المسئولين عن أعمالهم الأكثر تعقيداً.ويتفرغوا لحل المهام الصعبة

لا بد أن يكون فريق الأزمة من القدرة والمعرفة والتمكن بحيث يستطيع أن يقدم جرداً لكل أزمة يمكن أن تقع في الدولة. …ولديه القدرة علي  تحديد مؤشرات حدوث الأزمة وتحديد أساليب التعامل مع الأزمة و حصر الأضرار والتعرف على الدروس المستفادة من الأزمة ووضعها ضمن برنامج إعادة تأهيل المديرين وتعديل الخطط بناءً على هذه المخرجات….ومن أجل نجاح الأزمة لا بد من تحلي فريق إدارة الأزمة وقيادته بخصائص متفردة في مقدمتها، التفكير الإبداعي بوضع سيناريوهات لحل الأزمة، وإجادة فن الحوار والحماس والالتزام، وكذلك لابد من توفر مقاييس جيدة للأخلاقيات الشخصية والرغبة في مساعدة الآخرين، والشجاعة والاستعداد للمجازفة مع الواقعية والحنكة، إضافة إلى خصائص أخرى تستعرضها الدراسة لتقديم إستراتيجية لإدارة الأزمات وفق منهج معاصر. السرعة في حل الأزمات تساعد في بناء الأمم والمجتمعات من عمليات الهدم أو البناء و المجتمعات التى تعتمد على فرق خاصة ذات كفاءة في التعامل مع الأزمات تصبح أقوى وأكثر قدرة على المرونة والاستمرار من قريناتها التي تنتهج أسلوب التصدي المرتجل والتعامل بطرق غير مدروسة سلفا مع بؤر الصراع والتوتر الأمر الذى يؤدى لضعفها وتفككها، فالأزمات ظاهرة ترافق سائر الأمم والمجتمعات في مراحل التطور والارتقاء أو حتى الانحدار

نشوء الأزمات يعود  لسوء التقدير والاحترام، وحب السيطرة، والمركزية الشديدة، وتعارض الأهداف والمصالح، بالإضافة الي عوامل إدارية تتمثل في سياسات مالية، مثل ارتفاع التكاليف وضعف الرقابة، وعجز التخطيط الفعال، واتخاذ القرارات بشكل عشوائي، إضافة لضعف أنظمة الحوافز الناجح، وأخيراً عدم توفر الوصف الوظيفي الجيد للمهام والواجبات…إن فكر إدارة الأزمات أصبح علم لابد أن يدرس ويزود به كل مسئول يدير منظومة عمل فى مؤسسات الدولة

تعالوا نحاول تعلم إدارة الأزمات  بدون تخريب ولا قتل تعالوا نصحح ما بأنفسنا فالله يقول: ﴿وَمَا ظَلَمْنَاهُمْ وَلَـكِن كَانُواْ أَنفُسَهُمْ يَظْلِمُونَ﴾لقد كشف  القرآن  الكريم عن الوسائل وسبل العلاج ومواجهة هذه الأزمات.إنّ التّاريخ حافلٌ وزاخرٌ بالأزمات المشابهة التي عاشتها الأمم والشّعوب الأخرى، وحتماً سنجد من خلال القراءة التّاريخيّة،ما يساعدنا علي تجاوز الأزمة  لذلك يعتبر التّاريخ جزءاً مهمّاً من الثقافة الإنسانيّة والإيمانيّة في ضوء  القرآن  الكريم، بل تعتبر من الضروريات لحل الأزمات والقرآن الكريم بين لنا فى آياته الكريمة أنواع من الأزمات وبين كيفية مواجهتها إيجابا وسلبا.في إدارة الأزمة  بشكل صحيح سوف يكون سببا للقوة المعنوية والإيمانية،والصحة النفسية تعالوا نغير من طريقة تعاملنا مع الأزمة كل في محيط الأسرة والعمل والمجتمع إلي أخره ألقاكم  في المقال القادم بعد أن يحاول كل منا حل أزماته والوصول ألي حلول للقضاء علي الأزمات المعلقة

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Bicske : Hundreds refusing to leave migrant train


500 people are refusing to get off a train in Bicske, a small Hungarian town 40 kilometres west of Budapest, according to agency reports.

A tense stand-off has developed between police on the platform and migrants in the carriages.

One family threw themselves onto the railway lines while others scuffled with officers trying to take them to a nearby reception centre.

Only 30 people have gone to the site to be registered.Hundreds of migrants boarded the train in Budapest, believing it would take them to Austria.

Local media say a second train has stopped near the north-western town of Győr and several dozen migrants have been escorted off by police.

“We are not animals, we are not criminals, we have the right to cross this border. We are going to Germany.” said one man beside the train, waving his ticket.