Tag Archives: Sudan

محمد العرابي يكتب : السيسي ومرسي وغزة

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وهذا هو هدف قطر وتركيا، إظهار مصر كأنها فقدت دورها في القضية الفلسطينية، وأن النظام السابق كان أكثر قدرة علي التعامل مع حماس

لماذا نكتب، ونحن نعتقد أحياناً أن الكتابة كالحرث في البحر، لم أجد اجابة علي السؤال، ولكنني بعد دعوة كريمة من الاستاذ ياسر رزق قررت إعادة المحاولة بعد أن مارست هذا الأمر في صحيفة الجمهورية وبعدها في مجلة أكتوبر في فترة صعبة مرت بها مصر خلال حكم الإخوان , وعندما أراجع هذه الكتابات اجدها متسقة تماماً مع نضال الشعب المصري في تلك الفترة الحالكة من تاريخ الوطن
عدت من زيارة للعاصمة الفرنسية، حيث التقيت بمجموعة من السياسيين والخبراء في محفل لمناقشة التطرف الديني في المنطقة، ووجدت أن مصر وأحداثها تحتل اهتمام الجميع ولن أبالغ إذا قلت أن هناك شبه إجماع علي أن استقرار الأوضاع في مصر سيؤدي الي استقرار المنطقة وأنحسار التطرف الديني
ولكن مشاهدات كثيرة قد تدلل علي مدي الاهتمام بالشأن المصري والحرص عليمتابعة كل ما يجري في وطننا العظيم
كان سائق السيارة المخصصة لي شابا من بنجلاديش وعندما عرف إنني من مصر سألني هل تؤيد الرئيس السيسي فقلت له نعم، فبادرني بقوله أنا أحب مرسي، فكان ردي حاداً وقلت انت شاب من بنجلاديش وتعيش في باريس لا أعتقد أنك تستطيع تقييم رئيس دولة أخري وماهي المقومات التي تدفعك الي حبه وتقديره؟
وكان رده الديمقراطية، طبعاً تتوقعون الجدل الطويل حول هذا الموضوع مع  هذا السائق
المهم هو مدي تأثير هذه الجماعة، وأن هناك من لم ير أو لا يريد أن يري أن هناك شرعية جديدة تدحض أي دعاوي آخري
في الجانب الآخر نجد أن أحداث غزة الأخيرة يتخذها أنصار الجماعة ذريعة للهجوم علي النظام المصري واختصار الأمر في ضرورة فتح المعابر، أمرغريب .. تصادف اثناء وجودي في باريس انعقاد مؤتمر لوزراء خارجية بعض الدول الغربية بالإضافة إلي قطر وتركيا وكأن الحرب في غزة وسقوط القتلي من الفلسطينيين يأتي في المرتبة التالية لإشراك قطر وتركيا في جهود وقف إطلاق النار، وأن المسألة تمس كرامتهم ودورهم ولا يهم الدم الفلسطيني وليتهم توصلوا الي هدنة حقيقية

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مشعل يستجم فى الدوحه واطفال غزه يقتلون

وخلال هذا المحفل تلاحظ أن هناك تأييداً لمصر ودورها من السياسيين والخبراء من عدة دول عربية وغربية والاهم ان ممثلي دول (غيررسميين) من تونس والمغرب واليمن وسوريا يرون في النموذج المصري الحل  الامثل لمشاكل دولهم والاقليم
هناك نظرة واضحة  لخطورة الجماعات التكفيرية المتطرفة التي اصبحت عابرة للحدود بتسليح متقدم وأعداد يصعب دحرها
كنت أقول أننا ننتظر صيفاً ساخناً، وبالفعل هذا الصيف سيشهد حسماً لقضايا كثيرة ورسماً لحدود جديدة
ولكن أين نحن من كل هذا؟
مصر في قلب هذه الاحداث بل أدعي أنها في قلب العاصفة وستظل مستهدفة بل ان كل حدث في المنطقة سوف يتم استغلاله ضدها مثل ما حدث فيالحرب علي غزة كان نظام الإخوان يروج نفسه فيالغرب علي أنه ولي أمر حماس، ويستطيع كبح جماحها إذا لزم الأمر قد دلل علي ذلك في أحداث غزة العام الماضي وقت حكم الرئيس المعزول
وهذا هو هدف قطر وتركيا، إظهار مصر كأنها فقدت دورها في القضية الفلسطينية، وأن النظام السابق كان أكثر قدرة علي التعامل مع حماس
هل ستظل المنطقة اسيرة لمنطق الإخوان؟
أعتقد أن امامنا بعض الوقت وخاصة أن قوي إقليمية ودولية مازالت تراهن علي قدرة الإخوان علي الصمود والوجود، لذا نحن في حاجة شديدة لبلورة نظام عربي جديد يصون الأمن القومي العربي ويضع محددات صارمة لتدخل دولة عربية في شأن دولة عربية أخري
هل سنفكر في ذلك قريبا، لا اعتقد
كانت احداث غزة كاشفة لأمور كثيرة وللاسف دفع الشعب الفلسطيني الثمن غاليا ومازال
الولايات المتحدة متمسكة برؤيتها الاستراتيجية وتزج بحلفائها في المنطقة في عملية سياسية مظهرية وبغض النظر عن إحتمالات نجاحها ولم تقدم واشنطن دعمها للفكرة المحورية وهي وقف اطلاق النار والضغط علي اسرائيل لتنفيذ ذلك حماية للمدنيين الفلسطينيين
ودول اقليمية مصرة علي التزاحم للحفاظ علي بريقها السياسي بعد أن انتظرت لفترة طويلة أثارت الاستغراب وبدون تحقيق أي حل عملي لوقف اطلاق النار
للأسف حاول الجميع استغلال الدم الفلسطيني للتذكير بأهمية الإخوان علي الساحة السياسية للمنطقة، اما اسرائيل فكعادتها تجيد فن الخسارة،واقصد الخسارة السياسية والأخلاقية ولا أعلم ماذا جنت من هذه العملية العسكرية بعد أن كانت تشعر براحة استراتيجية منذ بداية ما عرف بثورات الربيع العربي
هل قصدت إعادة تفتيت القوي المناهضة لها في ظل صمت حزب الله وإيران وداعش وغيرها من القوي التي تدعي نصرة الشعب الفلسطيني
فعلاً نعاني من فوضي غير خلاقة كادت أن تطيح بالمنطقة وتدخلها في مرحلة عدم استقرار لن يتمكن أحد من إعادته مرة أخري
من هنا  نري صدق رؤية الدول التي تقف مع مصر لأنها مقتنعة أن مصرالجديدة هي العامل الفعال والمؤثر للحفاظ علي المنطقة. ولكن الطريق طويل والأخطار محدقة وستظل مصر مستهدفة وهنا نؤكد أن قوتنا الذاتية هي الاساس في تعاملنا مع المعطيات الجديدة بالمنطقة، وقوتنا الذاتية تعتمد في الاساس علي شعب مصر الذي يملك قدرات عظيمة لكن ينقصه روح العمل الجماعي. لا يوجد بديل الا النجاح والنجاح  فقط والإ ستكون المنطقة كلها مهددة بالتفكك والانحدار إلي نتائج كارثية
الصبر والصمود وتحمل حرب استنزاف جديدة نستطيع الفوز فيها بالوقوف صفاً واحداً خلف قيادتنا، ندعمها لكي تنجح مصر وتنطلق إلي مستقبل أرحب

  • محمد العرابى، وزير خارجية مصر السابق، تولى العرابي مهامه وزيرًا للخارجية خلفًا لنبيل العربي الذي انتخب في 15 مايو أمينًا عامًا للجامعة العربية. يعده كثيرون رائد العصر الذهبى للعلاقات المصرية الألمانية

المقال الاصلى – اخبار اليوم – محمد العرابي يكتب –

ذيل الافعى الاخوانى ” مرتزقة حماس ” والخطه البديله لأتفاق الجاسوس محمد مرسى | WORLD NEWS.

4 Hamas Billionaires and 600 Millionaires Turning Civilian Suffering into Hard Cash | WORLD NEWS.

Hamas’s Civilian Death Strategy – WSJ | WORLD NEWS.

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UN base in South Sudan attacked by ‘peaceful’ mob, dozens dead

Displaced people walk past a U.N. armoured vehicle inside the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) camp in Malakal, Upper Nile State, March 3, 2014.

Gunmen posing as peaceful protesters forced their way inside the base of the UN mission in Bor, where some 5,000 civilians are seeking protection in the four-month-long conflict, and opened fire, reportedly killing dozens.

At least 48 people were killed and 60 wounded in a brazen attack on the fortified UN compound in northern Jonglei state, where Indian and South Korean UN peacekeepers are stationed, an anonymous UN source told Reuters.

Toby Lanzer, the UN’s top aid official in South Sudan, told the BBC there was a “significant loss of life,” after a mob had approached the UN compound base on Thursday morning under the pretense of wanting to present a petition.

More than 1 million people have fled their homes since violence broke out in mid-December between federal troops loyal to President Salva Kiir against rebellious troops who have sided with Riek Machar, the former vice-president, in 2013.

Tens of thousands of civilians are seeking UN protection from the conflict.

UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said the attack on innocent civilians and UN personnel marks “serious escalation.”

According to Dujarric, the attack was planned in advance.

“The assailants – a mob of armed civilians – came to the base under the guise of peaceful demonstrators intending to present a petition to UNMISS [the UN peacekeeping mission].”

“The armed mob forced entry on to the site and opened fire on the internally displaced persons sheltering inside the base,” he said. “At the time of the attack there were some 5,000 displaced civilians … inside the base.”

The injured were being treated at the UN compound’s clinic.

The number of displaced civilians in the UNMISS compound has risen to 12,000, according to the UN’s website, adding that thousands of displaced persons assembled near the Bentiu Hospital and the UN World Food Program (WFP) compound.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, who just one day before the attack said that up to 1 million people face potential famine as a result of the conflict, condemned the attack, which he said “constitutes a war crime.”

Despite South Sudan gaining its independence from Sudan in 2011, pockets of violence continues to disrupt parts of the landlocked country in northeastern Africa.

At the same time, the instability has put a dent in oil production, a major source of the government’s funds.

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Gunfire erupts in army base in South Sudan capital : witness

 

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(Reuters) – Gunfire erupted inside the main military barracks in the South Sudanese capital Juba on Wednesday, a Reuters witness said, almost three months after fighting between soldiers in the city sparked a broader conflict.

The body of a government soldier lay in the street outside the military headquarters and a column of smoke billowed into the sky from inside the compound, sending panicked residents running through the streets.

It was not immediately clear what started the fighting but it did not appear to be a confrontation between government forces and rebels. Clashes between those two factions have largely been fought in other region’s of the country.

 

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Silent death from above : Sudan steps up use of parachute bombs on people

The people of this unstable African country learned long ago to duck for cover when planes roared in the sky, but the latest deadly tactic being used on them – parachute bombs – continues to kill innocent civilians in Sudan, activists warm.

The country’s extremist Khartoum regime has been dropping bombs by parachute in the Nuba Mountains as President Omar al Bashir seeks to rout rebel forces opposed to his branch of radical Islam. In recent years, the Nuba Mountains, where Christians and Muslims coexist, have become a battleground for the forces of al Bashir’s forces and the Sudanese People Liberation Army.

On Monday, local aid workers reported two Sudanese Air Force jets dropped 13 parachute bombs on the villages of Tamadirgo and Dar, in the South Kordofan States of Sudan. The bombs killed at least three people, including a 13-year-old boy.

Al Bashir, the 70-year-old dictator and former Army general, seized power in a 1989 military coup. As he moved the nation toward Islamic rule in the late 1990s and early part of this century, rebels fought back against the marginalization of Christians. Al-Bashir responded with a campaign of ethnic cleansing in the western region of Darfur, with an estimated 500,000 people killed and more than 2 million displaced. In 2008, al-Bashir was indicted by the International Criminal Court for genocide and crimes against humanity.

Villagers in the Nuba Mountains region look at the aftermath of a parachute bomb attack from Sudanese forces.

Villagers in the Nuba Mountains region look at the aftermath of a parachute bomb attack from Sudanese forces.

Caught in the crossfire are innocent civilians, especially children, who live in the mountainous region just north of the border of Sudan and South Sudan, the nation carved out of Sudan in 2011.

“Children living in the Nuba Mountains grew up amid almost daily aerial bombardment,” Akshaya Kumar, a Sudan and South Sudan policy analyst with the Center for American Progress said. “They have learned how to quickly duck into makeshift bomb shelters when they hear a bomb dropping.

Al Bashir’s parachute bombing tactic is the latest demonstration of his willingness to kill his own people, aid workers claimed. “Some people ran away as soon as they saw the plane, while others stayed out of curiosity; they thought that they were parachuters landing,” Ahmed Khatir, a local reporter said. “When the bomb got closer [to the ground], they realized it was a bomb and it was too late for some people.”

Since April 2012, 1,371 bombs have been dropped on civilian targets in Nuba, according to NubaReports.org. But the parachute tactic only started in November, dropping bombs that weigh up to 820 pounds. With a delayed detonation and quiet drop, the parachute bombs have proven to be destructive and deadly.

Silent death from above: Sudan steps up use of parachute bombs on people | Fox News.

Egypt’s former PM Hisham Qandil arrested while ‘escaping to Sudan’

File picture shows Egypt's Prime Minister Kandil addressing delegates during annual World Economic Forum in Davos

Egyptian security forces arrested on Tuesday the former prime minister – who served under ousted Islamist President Mohammad Mursi – to serve one-year prison sentence.

Security forces were able to arrest Hisham Qandil, former prime minister, in carrying out a court order issued against him. He was captured in a mountain area with smugglers trying to flee to Sudan,” according to an interior ministry statement.

The judgment against Qandil was issued in April 2012, while Mursi was still in office and was upheld by a higher court in September.

A court sentenced Qandil to one year in prison for failing to implement the court order.

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Egypt arrests Morsi‘s former PM

An unpopular prime minister, Qandil kept a low profile after Mursi’s overthrow by the military in July, according to AFP.

Violence has increased in Egypt since Morsi’s overthrow, On Tuesday, explosions at a police headquarters in Mansoura killed at least 14 people and injured 130 others, Egypt’s health ministry stated.

Egyptian Prime Minister Hazem Al Beblawi condemned the attacks, calling them an act of terrorism and vowing to seek justice for the perpetrators.

Several criminal cases against Morsi have been launched. One of them accuses him of inciting deadly violence during the December 2012 protests. He is also facing a criminal trial over an episode in January 2011, when he – along with 129 others – escaped from a prison.

In September, a court in Egypt banned all activities of the Muslim Brotherhood in the country. The Brotherhood’s assets will also be confiscated, according to the ruling.

Also in September, Egyptian security forces stormed an Islamist stronghold in the village of Kerdasa, located outside Cairo, arresting 65 people.

Obama may ‘take further action’ to protect Americans in South Sudan – World News

After the safe relocation of Americans from Bor, South Sudan, to the nation’s capital of Juba on Sunday, President Barack Obama said he may “take further action” to keep Americans safe in the midst of escalating violence and fears of possible civil war in the newly formed African country.

Three hundred and eighty U.S. officials and citizens have already been transported out of South Sudan in addition to 300 residents of other countries, Jen Psaki, the U.S. State Department‘s spokesperson, said in a statement.

Obama said in a letter that 46 U.S. military personnel were sent to Bor on Saturday in the evacuation effort.

“As I monitor the situation in South Sudan, I may take further action to support the security of U.S. citizens, personnel, and property, including our Embassy, in South Sudan,” Obama said.

“The U.S. government is doing everything possible to ensure the safety and security of United States citizens in South Sudan. … For their safety and security, we will not outline specific evacuation plans,” the statement said.

On Saturday, four U.S. service members were wounded when unidentified forces attacked three U.S. aircraft attempting to evacuate Americans from Bor. The involved aircraft and personnel aborted the mission and left the country, Obama said.

While the United Nations sends more peacekeeping soldiers into the violence-stricken country, all civilian officials who are involved with the U.N. Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) have been relocated to Jor, according to the U.N.

“We are not abandoning South Sudan. We are here to stay, and will carry on in our collective resolve to work with and for the people of South Sudan,” Special Representative for South Sudan and head of UNMISS Hilde Johnson said in a statement.

The decision came after a UNMISS camp was attacked by about 2,000 armed militants, leaving two Indian peacekeepers and “a number” of South Sudanese civilians dead, according to the U.N.

Violent clashes have escalated in the world’s newest country throughout the week, following what South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir’s government said was a coup attempted by rebels fighting for the former vice president who was dismissed in July.

U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called for the violence to stop immediately and for the disparate parties to “resolve their personal differences through dialogue immediately.”

Related:

Fighting spreads in South Sudan as fears grow of civil war

Obama may ‘take further action’ to protect Americans in South Sudan – World News.

Obama warns South Sudan after US soldiers wounded

US President Barack Obama warned the leaders of South Sudan against a military coup Saturday after four US servicemen were wounded in an attack on their aircraft in the increasingly unstable country.

“Any effort to seize power through the use of military force will result in the end of longstanding support from the United States and the international community,” the White House said in a statement.

Obama stressed that the South Sudanese leaders “have a responsibility to support our efforts to secure American personnel and citizens in Juba and Bor,” the capital and a rebel-held flashpoint town in the African nation.

The president’s comments came after three CV-22 Osprey aircraft came under fire in South Sudan as they headed to Bor to help with efforts to evacuate Americans from the country teetering on the brink of a return to civil war.

The attack damaged the tiltrotor aircraft, forcing them to divert to Uganda. The wounded were then flown to Nairobi for medical treatment and are now in “stable condition,” the Pentagon said in a statement.

The attack underlined the increasingly dangerous situation in South Sudan, where at least one UN base has also come under attack in recent days, with the murder of two Indian peacekeepers and possibly dozens of civilians.

The United States, Britain, Kenya and Uganda have been carrying out evacuation missions for their nationals.

Oil companies have flown out their workers after the death of at least five South Sudanese oil workers on Wednesday, with Chinese state oil company China National Petroleum Corp confirming it was pulling out its staff.

Oil production accounts for more than 95 percent of South Sudan’s fledgling economy.

The United States has also deployed 45 combat-equipped troops to the country to protect its embassy and personnel.

The hostilities in the poor but oil-rich nation, which won independence from Sudan in 2011, are between troops loyal to President Salva Kiir and forces backing his sacked vice president, Riek Machar.

Kiir accuses Machar of having tried to mount a coup, but Machar denies that and claims Kiir is conducting a violent purge.

At least 500 people have been killed in the capital Juba alone in six days of fighting.

Foreigners evacuated, South Sudanese cower in fear

Tens of thousands have been displaced, many seeking shelter at UN bases amid warnings that the impoverished nation was on the brink of all-out civil war.

“I am afraid. I just can’t imagine being forced to become refugees again,” said Susan Nakiden, a South Sudanese woman among the thousands sheltering at a UN base in Juba. The mother of three said she had already been forced to flee her home during the civil war with Sudan.

Local resident John Luga said people were living in fear, whatever their clan.

“Whether they are Nuers or Dinkas, the suffering is for all, the future is not certain,” he told AFP.

South Sudan’s embattled government, meanwhile, said a top army commander in the northern Unity State, Major General James Koang Choul, had defected to Machar’s fast-growing rebel force.

“We have lost contact with the commander… and there are reports he has joined the forces of Riek Machar,” Sudan People’s Liberation Army spokesman Philip Aguer told AFP.

Army seeks to take back Bor

Aguer also insisted that government forces were in control of area around Bor, some 200 kilometers north of Juba, and an army operation was underway to take back the town seized by rebels this week.

“There is fighting, but we are supported by air units,” he said.

Although the unrest appeared to start as a result of a political spat, the violence has taken on an ethnic dimension pitting Kiir’s ethnic Dinkas against Nuers, to which Machar belongs.

South Sudan gained independence from Sudan as part of a peace process after a two-decade civil war that left two million dead, but it has never been able to heal its own ethnic rivalries.

US Secretary of State John Kerry underlined Obama’s message in a call to Kiir, telling him the conflict was threatening South Sudan’s hard-won independence that was backed by the United States.

Kerry has dispatched his special envoy for Sudan and South Sudan, Donald Booth, to the region to encourage talks between the warring factions.

African ministers have also stepped up pressure on Kiir to start talks with Machar.

United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has called for an end to hostilities and urged the leaders of Sudan’s warring factions “to resolve their personal differences through dialogue immediately.”

via Obama warns South Sudan after US soldiers wounded | i24news – See beyond.

NewsSouth Sudan – 400-500 dead in clashes between rival army factions

At least 73 soldiers killed; UN urges sides to refrain from ethnic violence; US pulls out some embassy staff

Rival troops were locked in fresh battles in South Sudan’s capital on Tuesday in unrest that has killed at least 73 soldiers and sent thousands of terrified civilians fleeing since an alleged coup bid.

The fighting in the world’s youngest nation has set off alarm bells in the international community, with the United Nations urging the warring groups to refrain from ethnic violence.

President Salva Kiir on Monday accused soldiers loyal to his arch-rival, former vice president Riek Machar, of staging a coup attempt in the oil-rich but deeply impoverished nation.

A military hospital doctor said at least 73 soldiers have been killed in the fighting, which erupted late on Sunday in the capital Juba.

Sporadic clashes could be heard Tuesday in several parts of Juba, even though Kiir had announced that the city was under complete control.

The United States on Tuesday ordered all non-emergency embassy staff to leave South Sudan amid an eruption of fierce fighting, and urged all Americans to depart as well.

“The Department of State ordered the departure of non-emergency US government personnel from South Sudan because of ongoing political and social unrest,” it said in a statement, adding the mission in Juba would suspend normal operations for the time being.

Up to 13,000 people have fled to UN compounds to escape the clashes, UN chief Ban Ki-moon said Tuesday after talks with the country’s president.

Ban called on Kiir to make “an offer of dialog” to his opponents to end deadly fighting that erupted Sunday, said UN spokesman Martin Nesirky.

A top UN envoy said at least 10,000 civilians “have received protection in the two UNMISS compounds in Juba”, and that UN staff were “taking every possible step to ensure their safety”.

The special representative of the UN secretary-general, Hilde Johnson, said it was “paramount” that the conflict did not assume ethnic dimensions.

“At a time when unity among South Sudanese is more needed than ever, I call on the leaders of this new country and all political factions and parties, as well as community leaders to refrain from any action that fuels ethnic tensions and exacerbates violence,” she said in a statement.

The African Union also said it was “deeply concerned” about the events and urged all players to show “maximum restraint” and work towards a resolution.

The heavy fighting and the alleged coup has underscored the fragility of the nation which only became independent from Sudan in 2011.

Machar — who was sacked in July — leads a dissident group within South Sudan’s ruling party, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM), and had been seen as the main challenger to Kiir.

The two men hail from different ethnic groups and had in the past fought on different sides during Sudan’s long civil war.

South Sudan won its independence in July 2011 after its people voted overwhelmingly in a referendum to split from the north and form a new nation.

Awash with guns after the long war, the country has struggled with ethnic violence and corruption.

An aid worker with the British charity Oxfam, Emma Jane Drew, told AFP by telephone that the situation in Juba was “very tense”.

“It’s continued shooting. Shooting could be heard all through the night. We don’t know who is fighting who,” she said, adding her team was unable to leave their compound.

Communications down, airport closed

The independent radio station Tamazuj said clashes were taking place around compounds belonging to Machar or his loyalists.

Officials have said several former government ministers have been arrested, although the whereabouts of Machar is unclear.

“So far we have lost seven soldiers who died while they were waiting for medical attention and a further 59 who were killed outside,” military hospital doctor Ajak Bullen said on Miraya FM radio.

Another medical establishment, Juba Teaching Hospital, had earlier reported 26 dead, a mixture of civilians and military. It was not clear whether there was any overlap between the figures.

Military spokesman Philip Aguer declined to comment on the casualty figures, telling AFP only: “The soldiers are controlling the situation.”

Communications in Juba continued to be sporadic, with most phone lines down and the main airport closed, diplomats and civil aviation officials said.

An AFP reporter said residents living in areas close to military bases were using any lull in the fighting to flee for safer areas, although many said they were too afraid to move.

“We are afraid of going outside,” said Juba resident Jane Kiden. “We had wanted to go out and buy food from the market, but how can you go with the shooting? I am staying at home with my children.”

There were also unconfirmed reports of troops conducting violent house-to-house searches.

“We have heard unconfirmed reports of house-to-house military checks of civilians including the use of brutality and violence, though this is unconfirmed,” Oxfam’s Drew said.

The UN statement appeared to back up the reports by emphasizing the need for “discipline, command and control in the security forces”.

Thousands flee S. Sudan capital as rival troops clash | i24news – See beyond.

Two French soldiers killed in Central African Republic – World News

PARIS/BANGUI, Central African Republic – Two French soldiers were killed in overnight fighting in the Central African Republic, France’s first casualties in an operation to restore stability in its former colony, the French government said on Tuesday.

Much of the wide-scale violence that has killed hundreds in the last week has eased but Reuters reporters in Bangui saw a mosque set on fire, houses looted and cars torched on Tuesday. Residents reported several lynchings overnight too.

The country has descended into chaos since mainly Muslim Seleka rebels seized power in March. Months of looting, raping and killing since has brought reprisals by Christian militias.

Michel Djotodia, Seleka leader-turned interim president, has lost control of his loose band of fighters, which includes many from Sudan and Chad.

The soldiers’ deaths in the capital were announced just before French President Francois Hollande’s office said he would make a quick stop-over in Bangui on his way back from a memorial service for the late Nelson Mandela in South Africa.

“The head of state expresses his deep respect for the two soldiers’ sacrifice,” his office said in a statement.

The 1,600-strong French force battled gunmen in Bangui on Monday in an operation to disarm rival Muslim and Christian fighters responsible the violence that has killed at least 465 people since Thursday, according to the Red Cross.

Soldiers have also been deployed to other towns across the country, where a regional African peacekeeping force has struggled to stamp its authority.

 

French officials said on Monday night they had restored some stability to Bangui although shooting had broken out when gunmen refused to hand over weapons.

The two French soldiers, marine paratroopers from the 8th Regiment based in Castres, died after coming under attack at close range during an overnight patrol, the government said.

According to Celestin Christ Leon, a spokesman for the African peacekeeping force in Bangui, a rebel commander was harassing people, who called the French to come and help them.

“They came and tried to disarm the Seleka but gunfire erupted,” he said.

‘Arms in the mosque’
Hollande rushed French troops to the country last Thursday immediately after the U.N. Security Council authorized France to use lethal force to help African peacekeepers, who have been struggling to restore order.

An attack on Bangui by Christian militia, known locally as “anti-balaka” and some fighters loyal to ousted president Francois Bozize triggered the latest wave of violence.

Tens of thousands of Christians have fled reprisals by Seleka gunmen following the offensive but the French move to disarm all fighters has subsequently weakened Seleka’s influence in the capital.

In the Fouh neighborhood, civilians armed with wooden clubs and machetes attacked a mosque and nearby houses.

“We found arms in their mosque. We don’t want to see Djotodia and his Muslims here any more,” said one man at the scene, who wielded a large knife and refused to give his name.

At least six people were lynched overnight, mainly during violence targeting Muslims, according to residents in Benz-vi and Miskine, Bangui neighborhoods.

The French presence on Bangui’s streets was lighter than on Monday, when disarmament operations were underway.

France has lost seven soldiers in a separate operation in Mali, where it sent troops in January to drive back militants threatening to take the capital of Bamako.

Central African Republic is rich in diamonds, gold and uranium but despite such resources, most people remain poor. The country has seen little stability in five decades and France has intervened more times since independence in 1960 than in any of its former colonies.

It also lies at a crossroads of conflict in the heart of Africa, with Sudan, South Sudan and Somalia to the east, the Islamist threat in the Sahel region to the north and the revolts of the Great Lakes to the southeast.

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Two French soldiers killed in Central African Republic – World News.

Rashid al-Ghannushi “Global Muslim Brotherhood” kills Tunisians,

Relatives and colleagues carry the coffin of a Tunisian policeman Socrate Cherni during a funeral as they proceed to Kef - Cemetery in Kef, 168 km (104 miles) from Tunis October 24, 2013.

Relatives and colleagues carry the coffin of a Tunisian policeman Socrate Cherni during a funeral as they proceed to Kef – Cemetery in Kef, 168 km (104 miles) from Tunis October 24, 2013.

(Reuters) – Tunisian security forces fired tear gas on Thursday to disperse hundreds of people trying to storm a local government building as demonstrations broke out over the killing of seven policemen by Islamist militants.

Tensions are rising in Tunisia, where the ruling  Islamist Ennahda party “Global Muslim Brotherhood” and opposition have been trying to start talks to end a paralyzing deadlock since the assassination of two secular opposition leaders earlier this year.

Wednesday’s killings delayed the long-awaited negotiations to save a transition to democracy, once seen as a model for the region, nearly three years after the first Arab Spring uprising toppled Tunisian autocrat Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali.

Protest in TunisClashes erupted at a government building in Kef in northern Tunisia after funerals for the officers, with enraged residents accusing Ennahda of being too lenient with hardline Islamists. ‮‮‮‮‮‮‮ ‬‬‬‬‬‬‬Protesters attacked two local party offices of Ennahda in Kef and Beja, ransacking one and burning furniture in the street. Demonstrators took to the streets in four other cities to demand the Ennahda government resign, residents said.

Rashid al-Ghannushi "Global Muslim Brotherhood"

Rashid al-Ghannushi “Global Muslim Brotherhood”

“Ennahda killed my son, I will not accept consolation only after the departure of Ennahda…They are destroying our country and kill our children and want to turn Tunisia into a new Sudan,” said the mother of Socrate Charni, one of the seven slain policemen.

Divisions between Islamists and their secular opponents have widened in one of the Muslim world‘s most secular countries.

Prime Minister Ali Larayedh says Ennahda is ready to resign, but insists on the completion of the country’s new constitution, the establishment of an electoral commission and a clear election date before handing over power.

Talks are scheduled over the next three weeks to decide on a caretaker government and set a date for elections. But opposition leaders want Ennahda to be clearer about its intention to resign.

The government two months ago declared a local hardline Islamist movement, Ansar al-Sharia, to be a terrorist organization and began a crackdown that authorities say has led to more than 300 arrests.

Islamist violence is less common in Tunisia than in some other North African countries, where al Qaeda-associated groups have a stronger presence. But militants have grown in influence since the Arab Spring felled relatively secular authoritarian leaders who had suppressed Islamists for decades.

Unrest rises in Tunisia after Islamists kill police officers | Reuters.